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The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of an acute physical activity intervention that included cognitive engagement on executive functions and on cortisol level in young elementary school children. Half of the 104 participating children (6-8 years old) attended a 20-min sport sequence, which included cognitively engaging and playful(More)
BACKGROUND Group B Streptococcus (GBS) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) are leading causes of bacterial meningitis in neonates and children. Each pathogen produces a pore-forming cytolytic toxin, β-hemolysin/cytolysin (β-h/c) by GBS and pneumolysin by SP. The aim of this study was to understand the role of these pore-forming cytotoxins, in particular of(More)
Both theoretically and empirically there is a continuous interest in understanding the specific relation between cognitive and motor development in childhood. In the present longitudinal study including three measurement points, this relation was targeted. At the beginning of the study, the participating children were 5-6-year-olds. By assessing(More)
Although the positive effects of different kinds of physical activity (PA) on cognitive functioning have already been demonstrated in a variety of studies, the role of cognitive engagement in promoting children's executive functions is still unclear. The aim of the current study was therefore to investigate the effects of two qualitatively different chronic(More)
125 nacheinander in einer medizinisch-geriatrischen Abteilung aufgenommene Patienten sollten mit einem naturalistischen Design im Hinblick auf psychische Störungen diagnostiziert werden. Auf der Basis der klinischen Untersuchung sowie der Werte in der Mini-Mental-State-Examination (2) wurden 51 Kranke als nicht untersuchbar eingeschätzt. Die übrigen 74(More)
Die perioperative Betreuung multimorbider und alter Patienten verlangt die Auseinandersetzung mit individuellen werteorientierten Therapiezielen, die von Patientenverfügungen (PV) für Entscheidungen in Akutsituationen zu oft nicht ausreichend dargestellt werden. Wir untersuchten die Eignung einer präoperativ verfassten standardisierten Patientenverfügung in(More)
The visual recognition memory (VRM) paradigm has been widely used to measure memory during infancy and early childhood; it has also been used to study memory in human and nonhuman adults. Typically, participants are familiarized with stimuli that have no special significance to them. Under these conditions, greater attention to the novel stimulus during the(More)
Psychosomatic therapy has been realized by integration into general ward's therapeutic program in a general hospital. Within 3 1/2 years of development the medical staff has been qualified to perform basic elements of psychosomatic therapy, whilst the structure of the medical department has been changed in different aspects. During a period of 28 days the(More)
Psychic disorders were studied with a naturalistic design in 125 consecutive patients of a medical-geriatric department in a general hospital. Based on the clinical examination and the values of the Mini-Mental-State-Examination (2), 51 patients were classified as unable for diagnostic procedures concerning psychic state. The other 74 patients underwent(More)
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