Katja Fennel

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Systematic improvements in algorithmic design of regional ocean circulation models have led to significant enhancement in simulation ability across a wide range of space/time scales and marine system types. As an example, we briefly review the Regional Ocean Modeling System, a member of a general class of three-dimensional, free-surface, terrain-following(More)
[1] The biogeochemistry of continental shelf systems plays an important role in the global elemental cycling of nitrogen and carbon, but remains poorly quantified. We have developed a high-resolution physical-biological model for the U.S. east coast continental shelf and adjacent deep ocean that is nested within a basin-wide North Atlantic circulation model(More)
In oligotrophic lakes and oceans, the deep chlorophyll maximum may form independently of a maximum of phytoplankton biomass, because the ratio of chlorophyll to phytoplankton biomass (in units of carbon) increases with acclimation to reduced light and increased nutrient supply at depth. Optical data (beam attenuation as proxy for phytoplankton biomass and(More)
Geochemical evidence suggests that there was a delay of several hundred million years between the evolution of oxygenic photosynthesis and the accumulation of oxygen in Earth’s atmosphere. The deep ocean appears to have remained euxenic for several hundred million years after the atmosphere became oxygenated. In this paper we examine the possibility that(More)
A data assimilation technique is used with a simple but widely used marine ecosystem model to optimize poorly known model parameters. A thorough analysis of the a posteriori errors to be expected for the estimated parameters was carried out. The errors have been estimated by calculating the Hessian matrices for different problem formulations based on(More)
Spectral inherent optical properties (IOPs) have been measured at Crater Lake, OR, an extremely clear sub-alpine lake. Indeed Pure water IOPs are major contributors to the total IOPs, and thus to the color of the lake. Variations in the spatial distribution of IOPs were observed in June and September 2001, and reflect biogeochemical processes in the lake.(More)
On the basis of a carbon isotopic record of both marine carbonates and organic matter from the Triassic-Jurassic boundary to the present, we modeled oxygen concentrations over the past 205 million years. Our analysis indicates that atmospheric oxygen approximately doubled over this period, with relatively rapid increases in the early Jurassic and the(More)
The oxidation of Earth’s atmosphere is coupled to the net sequestration of organic matter, which is related to the relative fractions of organic carbon ( forg) and carbonate ( fcarb) buried in marine sediments. These fractions can be inferred from carbon isotope data. We present bulk sediment dC records of carbonate (d13Ccarb) and organic carbon (d 13Corg)(More)
[1] The contribution of coastal oceans to the global air-sea CO2 flux is poorly quantified due to insufficient availability of observations and inherent variability of physical, biological and chemical processes. We present simulated air-sea CO2 fluxes from a high-resolution biogeochemical model for the North American east coast continental shelves, a(More)
Continental shelves are believed to play a major role in carbon cycling due to their high productivity. To improve our understanding of carbon dynamics on continental margins, a dissolved organic matter (DOM) model was developed and imbedded within an existing coupled ocean circulation-biogeochemical model of the U.S. East coast. A model simulation with the(More)