Katina Chatzipanteli

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OBJECTIVE We investigated the time course of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) enzymatic activity and immunocytochemical localization of iNOS expression after traumatic brain injury (TBI), as well as the possible role of iNOS in the pathogenesis of TBI. METHODS Male Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized and underwent moderate parasagittal(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to play an important role in the pathophysiology of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and cerebral ischemia. However, its contribution to the pathogenesis of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) remains to be clarified. This study determined the time course of constitutive and inducible nitric oxide synthases (cNOS and iNOS,(More)
Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is a key mediator of inflammation during pathological conditions. We examined, through the use of selective iNOS inhibitors, the role of iNOS in specific pathophysiological processes after spinal cord injury (SCI), including astrogliosis, blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB) permeability, polymorphonuclear leukocyte(More)
OBJECTIVE Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is elevated in some models of traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, it is unclear how TNFalpha messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression and protein levels are affected by injury severity and posttraumatic temperature modification. This study determined the regional and temporal profile of TNFalpha levels(More)
OBJECT Although nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to play an important role in the pathophysiological process of cerebral ischemia, its contribution to the pathogenesis of traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains to be clarified. The authors investigated alterations in constitutive nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity after TBI and the histopathological response(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate: 1) the temporal and regional profile of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) infiltration after moderate traumatic brain injury using the parasagittal fluid percussion model and 2) the effects of posttraumatic hypothermia (30 degrees C) and hyperthermia (39 degrees C) on the acute and subacute inflammatory(More)
Traumatic injury to the brain and spinal cord results in an early inflammatory response that is initiated by the release of proinflammatory cytokines followed by the infiltration and accumulation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs). The role of the inflammatory cascade on traumatic outcome remains controversial. Pleiotropic cytokines appear to function(More)
The present study addresses the effects of moderate posttraumatic hypothermia (32 degrees C) on the temporal and regional profile of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) accumulation after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). We hypothesized that posttraumatic hypothermia would reduce the degree of inflammation by reducing PMNL infiltration. Rats underwent(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) produces transient increases in constitutive nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) activity and prolonged behavioral abnormalities. This study investigated the effects of nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME) and 3-bromo-7-nitroindazole (7-NI) treatment on cNOS catalytic activity and sensorimotor behavioral outcome after TBI. Rats(More)