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BACKGROUND Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex trait in which alleles at or near the class II loci HLA-DRB1 and HLA-DQB1 contribute significantly to genetic risk. The MHC class II transactivator (MHC2TA) is the master controller of expression of class II genes, and methylation of the promoter of this gene has been previously been shown to alter its(More)
OBJECTIVE Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex neurological disease. Genetic linkage analysis and genotyping of candidate genes in families with 4 or more affected individuals more heavily loaded for susceptibility genes has not fully explained familial disease clustering. METHODS We performed whole exome sequencing to further understand the heightened(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple sclerosis (MS) is determined by interactions between genes and environment and the influence of vitamin D adequacy has been proposed. Previous studies have shown that serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels are genetically influenced. Polymorphisms in vitamin D pathway genes are candidates for association with MS susceptibility. (More)
OBJECTIVE We assessed the hypotheses that non-major histocompatibility complex multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility loci would be common to sporadic cases and multiplex families, that they would have larger effects in multiplex families, and that the aggregation of susceptibility loci contributes to the increased prevalence of MS in such families. (More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common inflammatory disease of the central nervous system unsurpassed for its variability in disease outcome. As little is conclusively known about MS disease mechanisms, we have selected a variety of candidate genes that may influence the prognosis of the disease based on their function. A cohort of sporadic MS cases, taken(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify rare variants contributing to multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility in a family we have previously reported with up to 15 individuals affected across 4 generations. METHODS We performed exome sequencing in a subset of affected individuals to identify novel variants contributing to MS risk within this unique family. The candidate(More)
The epidemiology of multiple sclerosis suggests that a complex interaction of genes and environment contribute to susceptibility. To enrich for families with large genetic effects and to potentially reduce genetic heterogeneity, we screened a sample of 18,794 probands and identified forty families with four or more affected individuals. Within these 40(More)
Microchimerism, the persistence of foreign cells thought to derive from previous pregnancies, has been associated with autoimmune diseases. A maternal parent-of-origin effect in MS remains unexplained. We tested for microchimerism in monozygotic and dizygotic twin-pairs with MS. Microchimerism was associated with MS in affected females from monozygotic(More)
A total of 267 families with two or more siblings with multiple sclerosis (MS) were genotyped with 14 restriction fragment length polymorphisms at the TCR beta locus. A nonparametric linkage analysis of the data showed no evidence for linkage to this locus (mlod=0.11). No significant allelic or haplotype transmissions were observed in the total sample of(More)
A role for T cells in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is well supported, evidenced by myriad immunological studies, as well as the unequivocal genetic influence of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). Despite many attempts, no convincing genetic associations have been made between T-cell receptor (TCR) gene loci and MS. However, these(More)