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Using statistical analyses of Fourier transform-IR spectra, we show that DNA of the histologically normal prostates of men 16-80 years old undergoes structural changes in the bases and backbone with increasing age. Of the older men (ages 55-80), 42% exhibited a DNA phenotype mimicking that of primary prostate tumors from a comparable age group. This(More)
Fourier transform-infrared statistical models have the proven ability to identify subtle structural changes in DNA at various stages of tumor development. Using these models, we show evidence for a metastatic cancer DNA phenotype in histologically normal prostate tissues surrounding metastasizing tumors. Strikingly, the DNA base and backbone structures of(More)
Using the carcinogen 3-methylcholanthrene (MCA), we demonstrate with Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy that a cancer DNA phenotype is produced well in advance of palpable tumors. We further demonstrate that the administration of cyclophosphamide markedly inhibits the development of the cancer phenotype and concomitantly delays tumor formation. MCA,(More)
A cancer DNA phenotype, identical to the DNA structure of tumors, has been identified in the prostate glands of certain healthy men over 55 years of age. We now show that the same DNA signature exists in normal tissues adjacent to tumors. This finding implies that the phenotype is maintained in normal prostate cells from its inception through tumor(More)
Structural differences were identified in gill DNA from two groups of English sole collected from Puget Sound, Washington, in October 2000. One group was from the industrialized Duwamish River (DR) in Seattle and the other from relatively clean Quartermaster Harbor (QMH). Chemical markers of sediment contamination [e.g., polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons(More)
Reciprocal interactions between the stroma and epithelium are considered to be intimately associated with the development of breast cancer. In studies of whole breast tissues, a keen interest exists in the occurrence of the mutagenic DNA lesions 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyadenosine. However, there is an apparent lack of information on(More)
N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a strong antioxidant, has antigenotoxic and anticarcinogenic properties currently being investigated in clinical trials. NAC detoxifies free radicals (e.g., the hydroxyl radical,.OH) that cause DNA changes implicated in disease (e.g., cancer). The.OH reacts with purines to form mutagenic 8-hydroxypurine (8-OH) and putatively(More)
We have used statistical models based on Fourier transform-infrared spectra to differentiate between the DNA structure of normal granulocytes and those obtained from patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). The substantial degree of discrimination achieved between the two DNA groups is attributed to differences in the nucleotide base and backbone(More)
(5'S)-8,5'-Cyclo-2'-deoxyadenosine (S-cdA), which arises from the reaction of the hydroxyl radical (*OH) with 2'-deoxyadenosine in DNA, is a lesion comprising a base-sugar linkage that distorts the DNA backbone. This structure impedes transcription and blocks polymerase action. Further, a single S-cdA lesion in the TATA box reduces gene expression.(More)
Fish living in contaminated environments accumulate toxic chemicals in their tissues. Biomarkers are needed to identify the resulting health effects, particularly focusing on early changes at a subcellular level. We used a suite of complementary biomarkers to signal contaminant-induced changes in the DNA structure and cellular physiology of the livers and(More)
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