Learn More
Polyphenol oxidases (PPOs) are involved in the time-dependent darkening and discolouration of Asian noodles and other wheat end products. In this study, a doubled haploid (DH) population derived from Chara (moderately high PPO activity)/WW2449 (low PPO activity) was screened for PPO activity based on l-DOPA and l-tyrosine assays using whole seeds. Both(More)
In spite of displaying the most extreme dormancy and resistance properties known among living systems, bacterial endospores retain an alert environment-sensing mechanism that can respond within seconds to the presence of specific germinants. This germination response is triggered in the absence of both germinant and germinant-stimulated metabolism. Genes(More)
Two peptidoglycan-lytic enzyme activities were isolated from spores of Bacillus megaterium KM. Surface-bound lytic enzyme was extracted from dormant spores and hydrolysed a variety of peptidoglycan substrates including isolated spore cortex, but did not cause refractility changes in permeabilized spores. Germination-specific lytic enzyme activity appeared(More)
Antibodies were raised against purified germination-specific cortex-lytic enzyme (GSLE) from spores of Bacillus megaterium KM which neutralized the ability of GSLE to germinate permeabilized spores. Western blotting of dormant spore and vegetative cell fractions separated by SDS-PAGE demonstrated that GSLE is spore-specific and that greater than 90% of the(More)
Pseudomonas tolaasii, the causal agent of brown blotch disease of Agaricus bisporus, spontaneously gives rise to morphologically distinct stable sectors, referred to as the phenotypic variant form, at the margins of the wild-type colonies. The phenotypic variant form is nonpathogenic and differs from the wild type in a range of biochemical and physiological(More)
Switching between the pathogenic smooth (1116S) and nonpathogenic rough (1116R) forms of Pseudomonas tolaasii occurs due to the reversible duplication of a 661-bp element within the pheN locus. Disruption of the chromosomal recA locus of 1116S and 1116R produced strains 1116SrecA and 1116RrecA, respectively, which showed typical loss of UV resistance.(More)
Forty-eight Rhizobium and Bradyrhizobium strains were screened for resistance to tellurite, selenite, and selenate. High levels of resistance to the metals were observed only in Rhizobium meliloti and Rhizobium fredii strains; the MICs were 2 to 8 mM for Te(IV), >200 mM for Se(VI), and 50 to 100 mM for Se(IV). Incorporation of Se and Te into growth media(More)
Spontaneous sectoring of Pseudomonas tolaasii colonies results in a phenotypic switch from the smooth, pathogenic form (designated 1116S) to the rough non-pathogenic form (designated 1116R). This phenotypic switch can also be induced by mutation of the pheN master regulatory locus, which encodes a 99 kDa protein with homology to the conserved family of(More)