Katie J Sanders

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It has been proposed that hypermutability is necessary to account for the high frequency of mutations in cancer. However, historically, the mutation rate (mu) has been difficult to measure directly, and increased cell turnover or selection could provide an alternative explanation. We recently developed an assay for mu using PIG-A as a sentinel gene and(More)
A specialized behavior, oviposition, is produced by the eighth and ninth abdominal segments of female grasshoppers. To begin to understand how these segments produce the behavior, which is not displayed by males or pregenital regions of the abdomen in females, the structure and function of efferent neurons in abdominal ganglia of both sexes were examined.(More)
The mutation rate (μ) is likely to be a key parameter in leukemogenesis, but historically, it has been difficult to measure in humans. The PIG-A gene has some advantages for the detection of spontaneous mutations because it is X-linked, and therefore only one mutation is required to disrupt its function. Furthermore, the PIG-A-null phenotype is readily(More)
BACKGROUND The Harris Infant Neuromotor Test (HINT) was developed as a screening tool for potential motor and cognitive developmental disorders in infants. Scoring on the HINT has been shown to be reliable, and several studies have supported the validity of the HINT. Normative values for the tool have been developed using Canadian infants. OBJECTIVE The(More)
Long interspersed element 1 (LINE-1 or L1) retrotransposons compose 17% of the human genome. Active L1 elements are capable of replicative transposition (mobilization) and can act as drivers of genetic diversity. However, this mobilization is mutagenic and may be detrimental to the host, and therefore it is under strict control. Somatic cells usually(More)
Very few human genes can be used to identify spontaneous inactivating somatic mutations. We hypothesized that because the XK gene is X-linked, it would be easy to identify spontaneously arising red cells with a phenotype resembling the McLeod syndrome, which results from inherited XK mutations. Here, by flow cytometry, we detect such phenotypic variants at(More)
BACKGROUND Several recent investigations support the use of frequency modulation (FM) systems in children with normal hearing and auditory processing or listening disorders such as those diagnosed with auditory processing disorders, autism spectrum disorders, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Friedreich ataxia, and dyslexia. The American Academy of(More)
Recently introduced frequency modulation (FM) systems provide an adaptive adjustment to the emphasis of the FM system through the user’s hearing aid via VoicePriority iTM (VPi). VPi measures the noise level at the listener’s hearing aid microphone and adds gain to the FM signal when the background noise increases to a detrimental level. However, the(More)