Katie J Ryan

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Evidence indicates that noradrenaline elicits anti-inflammatory actions in the central nervous system (CNS), and plays a neuroprotective role where inflammatory events contribute to pathology. Here we examined the ability of pharmacological enhancement of central noradrenergic tone to impact upon activation of the IL-1 system in rat brain. Treatment with(More)
Evidence indicates that the monoamine neurotransmitter noradrenaline elicits anti-inflammatory actions in the central nervous system (CNS), and consequently may play a neuroprotective role where inflammatory events contribute to CNS pathology. Here we examined the ability of pharmacologically enhancing central noradrenergic tone to induce expression of(More)
Experiments were designed to identify the neural cell type(s) responsible for the aromatization and 5 alpha-reduction of androgens in the rat hypothalamus. Primary cultures of fetal rat hypothalamic cells, which had enhanced neuronal morphology, were treated at various times after plating with kainic acid (KA), a neurotoxic agent which selectively destroys(More)
Excitotoxicity is a mechanism of neuronal cell death implicated in a range of neurodegenerative conditions. Systemic administration of the excitotoxin kainic acid (KA) induces inflammation and apoptosis in the hippocampus, resulting in neuronal loss. Evidence indicates that stimulation of glial β(2)-adrenoceptors has anti-inflammatory and neurotrophic(More)
The present study tests the hypothesis that brain aromatase is an "ancient" property of nervous tissue and may be identified in homologues of the limbic system in a non-mammalian vertebrate, the turtle Chrysemys picta. Tissue homogenates (180 mg wet weight/2 ml) were incubated with [7 alpha-3H]androstenedione and cofactors for 60 min at 37 C. Estrone (E1)(More)
Experiments were conducted to study the regulation of the developmental pattern of aromatase in the forebrain of the perinatal rat. Two experimental designs were used: aromatase measured in primary cultures of fetal hypothalamic cells and in cell-free preparations of forebrain tissue excised at varying ages. In cultured cells, aromatase decreased(More)
The ability of granulosa and theca cells of the human ovarian follicle at different stages of development, as well as stromal and luteal tissues from human ovaries to metabolize androstenedione (delta 4) to testosterone (T), dihydrotestosterone (DHT), estrone (E1) and estradiol (E2) with or without exposure to additional amounts of folicle-stimulating(More)
The steroidogenic responsiveness of human thecal tissue to different doses of LH was investigated in vitro in relation to the health of the follicle and to the responsiveness of stromal tissue. The results show that small incremental increases in LH, over a low range of concentrations (1 to 10 ng/ml), markedly increased the thecal output of androstenedione(More)
Past research has implicated both the Leydig and Sertoli cells as sources of testicular estrogens. To study this issue further, we investigated the ability of Sertoli cells isolated from the testes of immature (10-day-old) rats to synthesize estrogens in response to FSH in vitro. The aromatase activity of Sertoli cells was examined by comparing(More)