Katia Simmen

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  • Katia Simmen, J Singh, +6 authors K Früh
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 2001
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection alters the expression of many cellular genes, including IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) [Zhu, H., Cong, J.-P., Mamtora, G., Gingeras, T. & Shenk, T. (1998) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 14470-14475]. By using high-density cDNA microarrays, we show that the HCMV-regulated gene expression profile in fibroblasts does not(More)
More than 100 transcripts of various abundances and kinetic classes are expressed during phases of productive and latent infections by herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1. To carry out rapid global analysis of variations in such patterns as a function of perturbation of viral regulatory genes and cell differentiation, we have made DNA microchips containing(More)
We present evidence that transcription factor TFIID, known for its central role in transcription by RNA polymerase II, is also involved in RNA polymerase III transcription of the human U6 snRNA gene. Recombinant human TFIID, expressed either via a vaccinia virus vector in HeLa cells or in Escherichia coli, affects U6 transcription in three different in(More)
The herpes simplex virus VP16 protein functions as a potent transcriptional activator and targets DNA sites with the consensus TAATGARAT present in all the viral immediate-early gene promoters. To do so, VP16 directs assembly of a multiprotein complex involving two cellular proteins, host cell factor (HCF) and the Oct-1 DNA-binding transcription factor. To(More)
We have investigated the requirement for TBP (TATA-binding protein) in transcription mediated by RNA polymerase III (pol III) in fractionated HeLa cell extracts. Two activities, TFIIIB and TFIIIC, found in phosphocellulose fractions PC B and PC C respectively, have been defined as necessary and sufficient, with pol III, for in vitro transcription of tRNA(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of multidrug resistance (MDR) factors is crucial for designing chemotherapeutic strategies. Aberrant expression and dysfunction of proteasome subunits have been involved in malignant transformation and in cell resistance to various cytotoxic drugs. MATERIALS AND METHODS We analyzed the expression levels of the proteasome subunit(More)
The role of various sequences in determining the RNA polymerase III (pol III) specificity of the Xenopus U6 gene promoter has been investigated. A sequence closely resembling an RNA polymerase II (pol II) TATA box, which has previously been implicated in determining the pol III specificity of the U6 promoter, was analyzed in detail. The U6 TATA-like(More)
The Xenopus tropicalis U6 gene is very poorly transcribed both when introduced into human cells by transfection, and in human cell-free extracts. By analysis of hybrid promoters constructed from human and Xenopus sequences in various combinations, we show that species specificity is mediated by the proximal sequence elements (PSEs) of the promoters. We(More)
The human U1 and U6 genes have similar basal promoter structures. A first analysis of the factor requirements for the transcription of a human U1 gene by RNA polymerase II in vitro has been undertaken, and these requirements compared with those of human U6 gene transcription by RNA polymerase III in the same extracts. Fractions containing PSE-binding(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) exhibits a highly restricted host range. In this study, we sought to examine the relative significance of host and viral factors in activating early gene expression of the HCMV UL54 (DNA polymerase) promoter in murine cells. Appropriate activation of the UL54 promoter at early times is essential for viral DNA replication. To(More)
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