Katia Silvera

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Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) is a specialised mode of photosynthesis that improves atmospheric CO2 assimilation in water-limited terrestrial and epiphytic habitats and in CO2-limited aquatic environments. In contrast with C3 and C4 plants, CAM plants take up CO2 from the atmosphere partially or predominantly at night. CAM is taxonomically(More)
We studied regulation of whole-tree water use in individuals of five diverse canopy tree species growing in a Panamanian seasonal forest. A construction crane equipped with a gondola was used to access the upper crowns and points along the branches and trunks of the study trees for making concurrent measurements of sap flow at the whole-tree and branch(More)
Species of the large family Orchidaceae display a spectacular array of adaptations and rapid speciations that are linked to several innovative features, including specialized pollination syndromes, colonization of epiphytic habitats, and the presence of Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM), a water-conserving photosynthetic pathway. To better understand the(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope vaccines can now be evaluated for efficacy in macaques by challenging with chimeric viruses in which the env, tat and rev genes of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) have been replaced by those of HIV-1. Most experiments have so far been conducted using gp120 molecules derived from T-cell-adapted LAI or(More)
Evolved herbicide resistance (EHR) is an important agronomic problem and consequently a food security problem, as it jeopardizes herbicide effectiveness and increases the difficulty and cost of weed management. EHR in weeds was first reported in 1970 and the number of cases has accelerated dramatically over the last two decades. Despite 40 years of research(More)
Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) catalyses the initial fixation of atmospheric CO2 into oxaloacetate and subsequently malate. Nocturnal accumulation of malic acid within the vacuole of photosynthetic cells is a typical feature of plants that perform crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM). PEPC is a ubiquitous plant enzyme encoded by a small gene family,(More)
We examined the distribution, germination, growth and photosynthetic characteristics of two co-existing morphotypes of the pioneer tree Trema micrantha at the Barro Colorado Nature Monument (BCNM), Panama. Morphotypes differed significantly in distribution and in seed characteristics. A ‘large’-seeded morphotype (endocarp mass = 3.83 mg) was associated with(More)
Encyclia chloroleuca (Hook.) Neumann is reported for the first time in Panama. E. chloroleuca has been previously misidentified as E. amanda (Ames) Dressler but morphological characters associated with the flower and inflorescence, and blooming season can be used to separate these two species across its broad distributional range. Our observations serve as(More)
Attenuated simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) induces potent protection against infection with wild-type virus, but the mechanism of this immunity remains obscure. Allogeneic antibodies, which arise within animals as a result of SIV infection, might protect against challenge with exogenous SIV grown in allogeneic cells. To test this hypothesis, eight(More)
The potato leafhopper (PLH) is the most serious insect pest of alfalfa in Wisconsin and the Upper Midwest. PLH injury to alfalfa can result in leaf yellowing (“hopperburn”), plant stunting, loss of yield and forage quality, and reduced alfalfa stand persistence. Leafhopper populations are a perennial problem in new alfalfa seedings, and they frequently(More)