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CONTEXT Mutations in the DUOX2 gene have been associated with transient or permanent congenital hypothyroidism due to a dyshormonogenic defect. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to verify the prevalence of DUOX2 mutations and the associated clinical features in children selected by criteria supporting a partial iodide organification defect (PIOD). PATIENTS AND(More)
Reduced bone mineral density (BMD) and altered bone metabolism are common findings in HIV-infected patients. Increased bone formation has been described both in HIV-infected adults and children. Wnt ligands promote bone formation by stimulating osteoblast differentiation and their survival. Sclerostin and dickkopf factor 1 (DKK-1), Wnt antagonists, are(More)
Autosomal Dominant Hypocalcemia (ADH) is an endocrine disorder due to activating mutations of the calcium-sensing receptor (CASR) gene. We report on a young boy who presented low serum calcium with hypercalciuria, hyperphosphatemia and low serum concentration of parathyroid hormone, not accompanied by classic clinical signs of hypocalcemia. Treatment with(More)
Decreased bone mineral density (BMD) is a known complication of chronic liver disease in adults. Data on bone mass, an important factor for the development of osteoporosis in adult life, in young patients with chronic hepatitis B (HBV) and C virus (HCV) infections are scarce. We measured BMD at the lumbar spine and whole skeleton by dual-energy X-ray(More)
CONTEXT Hypophosphatemic rickets (HR) is a rare disease that includes a group of hereditary and sporadic conditions characterized by renal phosphate loss associated with normal to low vitamin D serum concentration. The most common form is the X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets, with an incidence of 1:20,000. Several mutations have recently been identified in(More)
BACKGROUND The use of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) has simplified the antiretroviral regimen for HIV-infected patients and improved their compliance with treatment, but it has been associated with decreased bone mineral density (BMD) in adult patients, and data in pediatric patients are debated. The aim of the current study was to assess the(More)
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