Kati Mäkitalo

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11 Abstract 12 Using online learning environments in higher education offers innovative possibilities to 13 support collaborative learning. However, online learning creates new kinds of problems for 14 participants who have not previously worked with each other. One of these problems is uncer-15 tainty which occurs when participants do not know each other.(More)
In this paper, the main purpose is to explore how participants establish and maintain common ground by their responses in order to reach web-based interaction of a deeper level. Previous studies suggest that before the participants can reach deeper level interaction and learning, they have to gain an adequate level of common Subjects were 68 pre-service(More)
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