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Zebrafish (Danio rerio) have emerged as a promising model organism to study development, toxicology, pharmacology, and neuroscience, among other areas. Despite the increasing number of studies using zebrafish, behavioral studies with this species are still elementary when compared to rodents. The aim of this study was to develop a model of unpredictable(More)
Glutamate N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists, such as dizocilpine (MK-801), elicit schizophrenia-like symptoms in humans and a behavioral syndrome in rodents, characterized by hyperlocomotion and stereotyped actions, which is antagonized by antipsychotic drugs. Animal models of schizophrenia have been established and used for the development(More)
Demographic aging gives rise to a growing population with age-associated behavioral and cognitive deficits that may be associated at least partially to the increasing prevalence of neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this disease, it has been observed a decrease in the cholinergic system, which is crucial to memory formation.(More)
The neonate opioid system has been frequently investigated, and studies have shown that exposure to drugs in early life can have implications for nervous system development. It has been proposed that adenosine is involved in opioid antinociception, and ATP is involved in central and peripheral mechanisms of nociception. Extracellular nucleotides can be(More)
Recent advances in neurobiology have emphasized the study of brain structure and function and its association with numerous pathological and toxicological events. Neurotransmitters are substances that relay, amplify, and modulate electrical signals between neurons and other cells. Neurotransmitter signaling mediates rapid intercellular communication by(More)
Despite the extensive knowledge about the effects of acute restraint stress (ARS) in rodents, zebrafish research is still elementary in this field, and the consequences of stress on purinergic system are unclear. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of ARS on behavior, biochemical, and molecular parameters in zebrafish brain. Animals were submitted to a 90(More)
Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness characterized by positive and negative symptoms and cognitive deficits. Reduction of glutamatergic neurotransmission by NMDA receptor antagonists mimics symptoms of schizophrenia. Modeling social interaction and cognitive impairment in animals can be of great benefit in the effort to develop novel treatments for(More)
Adenosine exerts neuromodulatory functions with mostly inhibitory effects, being considered an endogenous anticonvulsant. The hydrolysis of ATP by ectonucleotidases is an important source of adenosine, and adenosine deaminase (ADA) contributes to the regulation of this nucleoside concentration through its deamination. In this study, we tested the effect of(More)
Adenosine receptors are the most important biochemical targets of caffeine, a common trimethylxanthine found in food and beverages. Adenosine plays modulatory action during the development through adenosine receptors and their intracellular pathways activation. In this study, we aimed to evaluate if caffeine gave to zebrafish in the very first steps of(More)
In teleosts, changes in swimming, exploring, general locomotor activity, and anxious state can be a response to stress mediated by the corticotropin-releasing hormone system activation and its effects on glucocorticoid levels. Zebrafish has been widely used to study neuropharmacology and has become a promising animal model to investigate neurobehavioral(More)