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Congenital neutropenia and cyclic neutropenia are disorders of neutrophil production predisposing patients to recurrent bacterial infections. Recently the locus for autosomal dominant cyclic neutropenia was mapped to chromosome 19p13.3, and this disease is now attributable to mutations of the gene encoding neutrophil elastase (the ELA2 gene). The authors(More)
Trial ALL-BFM 90 was designed to improve outcome in patients with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by using a reduced treatment regimen. Patients were stratified into a standard-risk group (SRG), a medium-risk group (MRG), both defined by adequate early treatment response; and a high-risk group (HRG), defined by inadequate response to the(More)
Primary autoimmune neutropenia (AIN) is caused by granulocyte-specific autoantibodies and occurs predominantly in infancy. Clinical presentation and diagnosis have not been well established, resulting in burdening diagnostic investigations and unnecessary treatment with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). In the present study, clinical,(More)
Expression of the breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene BRCA1 is down-regulated in sporadic breast and ovarian cancer cases. Therefore, the identification of genes involved in the regulation of BRCA1 expression might lead to new insights into the pathogenesis and treatment of these tumors. In the present study, an "inverse genomics" approach based(More)
PURPOSE Cooperative Ewing's Sarcoma Study (CESS) 86 aimed at improving event-free survival (EFS) in patients with high-risk localized Ewing tumor of bone. PATIENTS AND METHODS We analyzed 301 patients recruited from January 1986 to July 1991 (60% male; median age 15 years). Tumors of volume >100 mL and/or at central-axis sites qualified patients for "high(More)
I T HAS BEEN KNOWN for at least three decades that very specific factors control hematopoiesis, acting on early cells in the hematopoietic system to produce mature, functional cells. The isolation, purification, and cloning of these factors has lead to a new class of therapeutic agents, including the colony-stimulating factors and interleukins. This review(More)
Between 1981 and 2000, 6609 children (<18 years of age) were treated in five consecutive trials of the Berlin–Frankfurt–Münster (BFM) study group for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Patients were treated in up to 82 centers in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Probability of 10-year event-free survival (EFS) (survival) improved from 65% (77%)(More)
BACKGROUND In severe congenital neutropenia the maturation of myeloid progenitor cells is arrested. The myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia develop in some patients with severe congenital neutropenia. Abnormalities in the signal-transduction pathways for granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) may play a part in the progression to(More)
Recently, point mutations in the gene of the granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) receptor have been reported in two patients with severe congenital neutropenia who developed acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We investigated the frequency of these specific G-CSF receptor mutations in patients with congenital neutropenia undergoing treatment with(More)
Congenital agranulocytosis is a disorder characterized by severe neutropenia and a profound deficiency of identifiable neutrophil progenitors in bone marrow. In an attempt to stimulate neutrophil production and thereby reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with this disease, we administered recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor(More)