Kathy Q. Zhu

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The female red Duroc pig has been found to be a promising model of hypertrophic scarring. The female Yorkshire pig has been demonstrated to heal in a very different manner, more resembling human normotrophic scarring. Given these observations, we studied microvessel density, an important aspect of wound healing, in human hypertrophic scars and the scars of(More)
Knowledge of the pathophysiology of hypertrophic scarring following deep dermal injuries is minimal due to the lack of an animal model. We previously confirmed that thick scars in female, red Duroc pigs (FRDP) are similar to human hypertrophic scar. The purpose of this study was to evaluate TGFbeta1, IGF-1, decorin, and versican expression in FRDP wounds.(More)
Hypertrophic scarring occurs after deep dermal wounds. Our understanding of the etiology is poor; one reason is the lack of an animal model. In 1972, Silverstein described scarring in the Duroc pig but the model was never confirmed nor disproved. Another reason, as we previously suggested, is that hypertrophic scarring only occurs within regions of human(More)
BACKGROUND Substance P, a cutaneous neuroinflammatory mediator released from peripheral nerves, plays a role in responses to injury. Neutral endopeptidase is a cell membrane-bound metallopeptidase enzyme that regulates substance P activity. The question of substance P involvement in hypertrophic scar development has been based on observations that(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertrophic scar was first described over 100 years ago; PubMed has more than 1,000 references on the topic. Nevertheless prevention and treatment remains poor, because 1) there has been no validated animal model; 2) human scar tissue, which is impossible to obtain in a controlled manner, has been the only source for study; 3) tissues typically(More)
Growing evidence indicates that the melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) and its ligand α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) have other functions in the skin in addition to pigment production. Activation of the MC1R/α-MSH signaling pathway has been implicated in the regulation of both inflammation and extracellular matrix homeostasis. However, little is known(More)
Hypertrophic scarring after burns is an unsolved problem and remains as devastating today as it was in the 40s and it may be that the main reason for this is the lack of an accepted, useful animal model. The female, red Duroc pig was described as a model of hypertrophic scarring nearly 30 years ago but then vanished from the literature. This seemed strange(More)
The etiology and treatment of hypertrophic scar remain puzzles even after decades of research. A significant reason is the lack of an accepted animal model of the process. The female, red Duroc pig model was described long ago. Since the skin of the pig is similar to that of humans, we are attempting to validate this model and found it to be encouraging. In(More)
A significant impediment to studying hypertrophic scar is the lack of an animal model. We have confirmed similarities between scarring in the female red Duroc pig (FRDP) and human hypertrophic scar and conclude that this model warrants validation. Reports have suggested that the cutaneous nervous system may play a role in hypertrophic scar development and(More)
Despite decades of research, our understanding of human hypertrophic scar is limited. A reliable animal model could significantly increase our understanding. We previously confirmed similarities between scarring in the female, red, Duroc pig and human hypertrophic scarring. The purpose of this study was to: (1) measure vascular endothelial growth factor(More)