Kathy L. Kopnisky

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The cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB) has major roles in mediating adaptive responses at glutamatergic synapses and in the neuroprotective effects of neurotrophins. CREB has been implicated as a potential mediator of antidepressant actions. In vitro, chronic lithium treatment has been shown to promote neuronal cell survival. In the present(More)
Viral infections can cause persistent and progressive changes in emotional and cognitive functions. The viral-induced imbalances in neuronal network functioning may precipitate or accentuate psychiatric conditions in vulnerable individuals, in part, as a function of the host response to proinflammatory cytokines resulting from infection or brain injury.(More)
Kevin Robertson, Kathy Kopnisky, Jens Mielke, Kuku Appiah, Colin Hall, Richard Price, Johnstone Kumwenda, Cecelia Kanyama, Farida Amod, Christina Marra, Terrie Taylor, Umesh Lalloo, Jennifer Jelsma, Penny Holding, Michael Boivin, Gretchen Birbeck, Noelene Nakasujja, Ian Sanne, Thomas D. Parsons, Amanda Parente, and Karen Tucker, on behalf of the Assessment(More)
Most of the major psychiatric disorders have been analyzed at each of several different levels. For example, at the broadest level, epidemiological studies have served to establish the incidence of disorders like schizophrenia and major depression in a number of different populations. Family and twin studies have been important in determining the(More)
Of the individuals with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection, 20-30% will develop the neurological complication of HIV-associated dementia (HAD). The mechanisms underlying HAD are unknown; however, indirect immunologically mediated mechanisms are theorized to play a role. Recently, the HIV-1 coat protein gp41 has been implicated as a major(More)
There has been substantial evidence for more than three decades that the major psychiatric illnesses such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, autism, and alcoholism have a strong genetic basis. During the past 15 years considerable effort has been expended in trying to establish the genetic loci associated with susceptibility to these and other mental(More)
The reciprocal interactions between the neuroendocrine, immune, and autonomic nervous systems are complicated, yet worthy of examination. A body of literature suggests that psychological factors such as stress, or psychiatric conditions such as major depression, may influence the immune system thereby altering host susceptibility to viral, or other types of(More)
In July of 2006, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Center for Mental Health Research on AIDS (CMHRA) sponsored the second conference on the Assessment of NeuroAIDS in Africa, which was held in Arusha, Tanzania. The conference mission was to address the regional variations in epidemiology of HIV-related neurological disorders as well as the(More)
The prevalence of HIV-associated brain disorders is reportedly increasing due, in part, to the prolonged life span of individuals who are surviving well on highly active antiretroviral treatments (HAART). While clinicians report CNS-related deficits that are more subtle in presentation than the frank dementia evident in the pre-HAART era, the milder(More)