Kathy K. H. Svoboda

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Epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) is the primary mechanism for the disappearance of medial edge epithelia (MEE) during palate fusion. This phenotype transition is highly regulated by growth factors, extracellular matrix, cell surface receptors, and a variety of intracellular signaling. Phosphatidylinositol-3 (PI-3) kinase regulates cytoskeleton(More)
In palatogenesis, the MEE (Medial Edge Epithelium) cells disappear when palates fuse. We hypothesize that the MEE cells undergo EMT (Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition) to achieve mesenchyme confluence. Twist has an important role in EMT for tumor metastasis. The purpose of this study was to analyze Twist function during palatal fusion. Twist protein was(More)
Epithelial to mesenchymal phenotype transition is a common phenomenon during embryonic development, wound healing, and tumor metastasis. This transition involves cellular changes in cytoskeleton architecture and protein expression. Specifically, this highly regulated biological event plays several important roles during craniofacial development. This review(More)
During palatal fusion, the midline epithelial seam between the palatal shelves degrades to achieve mesenchymal confluence. Morphological and molecular evidence support the theory that the epithelial-mesenchymal transition is one mechanism that regulates palatal fusion. It appears that transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta signaling plays a role in palatal(More)
The development of the head involves the interaction of several cell populations and coordination of cell signalling pathways, which when disrupted can cause defects such as facial clefts. This review concentrates on genetic contributions to facial clefts with and without cleft palate (CP). An overview of early palatal development with emphasis on muscle(More)
Chondrocytes in specific areas of the chick sternum have different developmental fates. Cephalic chondrocytes become hypertrophic and secrete type X collagen into the extracellular matrix prior to bone deposition. Middle and caudal chondrocytes remain cartilaginous throughout development and continue to secrete collagen types II, IX, and XI. The interaction(More)
Whether diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) potentially have a direct effect on capillary endothelia was examined by following the adherens junction component, vascular endothelial cell cadherin (VE-cadherin). This molecule is incorporated into endothelial adherens junctions at the cell surface, where it forms homodimeric associations with adjacent cells and(More)
Alpha-actinin is an actin crosslinking protein that may be one of the proteins involved in the attachment of the actin cytoskeletal framework to the plasma membrane. We investigated the distribution of alpha-actinin in whole-mount embryonic chick corneal epithelia using confocal laser scanning analysis. The intracellular alpha-actinin distribution was(More)
Our goal was to determine the early response of corneal epithelial cells to living modified stromal substrates. We examined the distribution of integrin subunits (alpha 6 and beta 4), vinculin and the organization of F-actin in epithelial cells after cell-matrix and cell-cell hypothesized that the distribution of proteins in the cell matrix attachment(More)
The optic vesicle develops as an evagination of the cephalic neural folds. We have examined the early development of the optic vesicle in Swiss Webster mice using correlated transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), light microscopic (LM) measurements of cell shape changes, immunohistochemical localization of basal lamina(More)