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Expression of imprinted genes is dependent on their parental origin. This is reflected in the heritable differential methylation of parental alleles. The gametic imprints are however reversible as they do not endure for more than one generation. To investigate if the epigenetic changes in male and female germ line are similar or not, we derived embryonic(More)
There are distinctive and characteristic genomic modifications in primordial germ cells that distinguish the germ cell lineage from somatic cells. These modifications include, genome-wide demethylation, erasure of allele-specific methylation associated with imprinted genes, and the re-activation of the X chromosome. The allele-specific differential(More)
The H19 imprinted gene is silenced when paternally inherited and active only when inherited maternally. This is thought to involve a cis-acting control region upstream of H19 that is responsible for regulating a number of functions including DNA methylation, asynchronous replication of parental chromosomes and an insulator. Here we report on the function of(More)
The H19 gene is subject to genomic imprinting because it is methylated and repressed after paternal inheritance and is unmethylated and expressed after maternal inheritance. We recently identified a 1.1-kb control element in the upstream region of the H19 gene that functions as a cis-acting silencer element in Drosophila. Here we investigate the function of(More)
The molecular mechanism underlying X chromosome inactivation in female mammals involves the non-coding RNAs Xist and its antisense partner Tsix. Prior to X inactivation, these RNAs are transcribed in an unstable form from all X chromosomes, both in the early embryo and in undifferentiated embryonic stem (ES) cells. Upon differentiation, the expression of(More)
The human L23 (mitochondrial)-related protein gene, located 40 kb downstream of the imprinted H19 gene, is biallelically expressed. We have cloned and characterized its mouse homolog, L23mrp, which maps to the conserved syntenic region on mouse chromosome 7. The promoter of L23mrp is a CpG island that is transcribed ubiquitously, but at different levels, in(More)
A detailed analysis of the developmental potential of parthenogenetic embryonic stem cells (PGES) was made in vivo and in vitro, and a comparison was made with the development of cells from parthenogenetic embryos (PG). In vivo, in chimeras with normal host cells (N), PGES cells showed a restricted tissue distribution consistent with that of PG cells,(More)
Neuronatin (Nnat) is an imprinted gene that is expressed exclusively from the paternal allele while the maternal allele is silent and methylated. The Nnat locus exhibits some unique features compared with other imprinted domains. Unlike the majority of imprinted genes, which are organised in clusters and coordinately regulated, Nnat does not appear to be(More)
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