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The piwi/argonaute family of proteins is involved in key developmental processes such as stem cell maintenance and axis specification through molecular mechanisms that may involve RNA silencing. Here we report on the cloning and characterization of the sea urchin piwi/argonaute family member seawi. Seawi is a major component of microtubule-ribonucleoprotein(More)
Most higher eukaryotic tubulins are separated into alpha- and beta-tubulin when electrophoresed in NaDodSO4- denaturing gels, while many lower eukaryotic tubulins are poorly resolved under these conditions, which include a stacking gel (pH 6.80) and a separating gel (pH 8.80). By lowering the pH of the separating gel to 8.25, we have found that tubulin(More)
Microtubule dynamics are influenced by interactions of microtubules with cellular factors and by changes in the primary sequence of the tubulin molecule. Mutations of yeast beta-tubulin C354, which is located near the binding site of some antimitotic compounds, reduce microtubule dynamicity greater than 90% in vivo and in vitro. The resulting intrinsically(More)
Vaults are large ribonucleoprotein particles that have been identified in a wide range of eukaryotic organisms. Although present in thousands of copies per cell, their function remains unknown. In this report, we identify the major vault protein in sea urchins as a 107-kDa polypeptide that copurifies with microtubules and ribosomes. Although initially(More)
Vaults are large (13 Mda) ribonucleoprotein particles that are especially abundant in multidrug resistant cancer cells and have been implicated in nucleocytoplasmic drug transport. To understand how these large barrel-shaped complexes are transported through the cytosol, we examined the association of vaults with microtubules both in vitro and in vivo.(More)
The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has two genes for alpha-tubulin, TUB1 and TUB3, and one beta-tubulin gene, TUB2. The gene product of TUB3, Tub3, represents approximately 10% of alpha-tubulin in the cell. We determined the effects of the two alpha-tubulin isotypes on microtubule dynamics in vitro. Tubulin was purified from wild-type and deletion strains(More)
The echinoderm microtubule-associated protein (EMAP) is a 75-kDa, WD-repeat protein associated with the mitotic spindle apparatus. To understand EMAP's biological role, it is important to determine its affinity for microtubules (MTs) and other cytoskeletal components. To accomplish this goal, we utilized a low-cost, bubble-column bioreactor to express EMAP(More)
The major microtubule-associated protein (MAP) of sea urchins and several other echinoderms is a polypeptide of M(r) 77,000. The echinoderm MAP (EMAP) is abundant in embryonic and differentiated cells, as well as in mitotic and interphase microtubule arrays. To characterize the molecular structure and function of the EMAP, we isolated a full-length cDNA(More)
Microtubule assembly in surf clam oocytes is dependent upon events that occur during fertilization. Prior to fertilization there are few, if any microtubules, but within minutes after fertilization microtubules assemble to form the meiotic apparatus. This study demonstrates that the assembly of microtubules after fertilization may be dependent on the(More)