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This study assessed the efficacy, toxicity, and pharmacology of low-dose amphotericin B given prophylactically to patients (serum concentrations of 0.2-0.4 microgram/ml) undergoing bone marrow transplantation. Yeast isolates from patients' oropharyngeal areas had MICs of 0.1-0.2 microgram/ml, and none were amphotericin B resistant. The effect of low-dose(More)
We studied the ability of Cryptococcus neoformans to produce the hexitol D-mannitol in vitro and in rabbits with experimental meningitis. Twelve of twelve human isolates of C. neoformans produced D-mannitol in yeast nitrogen base plus 1% glucose and released D-mannitol into the medium. In a pilot study, pooled cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from(More)
BACKGROUND Active adults commonly present with lower extremity (LE) injuries from a variety of professional and amateur sports activities. Decreased LE function significantly alters daily life and subsequent injuries increase this impact. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the association between previous injury and the risk of re-injury,(More)
The rat angiotensinogen gene is induced in the course of the hepatic acute-phase response. We demonstrate that monocyte conditioned medium can stimulate transcription of a stably introduced reporter construct driven by 615 base pairs of the angiotensinogen 5'-flanking sequence, as well as the endogenous gene, in Reuber H35 cells. Point mutations of a(More)
The acute-phase activation of the rat angiotensinogen (rAT) gene in liver cells is a transcriptional event mediated through an interleukin-1-inducible, NF kappa B-binding, cis-acting element (the acute-phase response element [APRE]). Using a cell culture model for the acute-phase response, we showed that the increase in angiotensionogen mRNA in H35 rat(More)
Developmental dyslexia, the most common childhood learning disorder, is highly heritable, and recent studies have identified KIAA0319-Like (KIAA0319L) as a candidate dyslexia susceptibility gene at the 1p36-34 (DYX8) locus. In this experiment, we investigated the anatomical effects of knocking down this gene during rat corticogenesis. Cortical progenitor(More)
We studied the pharmacokinetics and in vivo antifungal action of SCH39304, a new antifungal azole compound, in rabbits. It crossed the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier in the presence or absence of meningeal inflammation, reaching approximately 60% of the simultaneous concentrations in serum. In the treatment of experimental cryptococcal meningitis,(More)
This paper introduces the concept of learning agent shell as a new class of tools for rapid development of practical end-to-end knowledge-based agents, by domain experts, with limited assistance from knowledge engineers. A learning agent shell consists of a learning and knowledge acquisition engine as well as an inference engine and supports building an(More)