Kathryn S. Dawson

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PURPOSE To perform a Phase I radiation dose-escalation trial to determine the maximal tolerable dose (MTD) deliverable to the gross tumor volume (GTV) using an accelerated fractionation with simultaneous integrated boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy regimen with parotid gland sparing as the sole therapy in the treatment of locally advanced head-and-neck(More)
Previous studies have shown that a Ca(2+)-dependent nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) is activated as part of a cellular response to low doses of ionizing radiation. Genetic and pharmacological inhibitor studies linked this NO signaling to the radiation-induced activation of ERK1/2. Herein, a mechanism for the radiation-induced activation of Tyr(More)
OBJECTIVE Animal-assisted therapy involves interaction between patients and a trained animal, along with its human owner or handler, with the aim of facilitating patients' progress toward therapeutic goals. This study examined whether a session of animal-assisted therapy reduced the anxiety levels of hospitalized psychiatric patients and whether any(More)
Forty perinatal substance abusers were administered multiple psychosocial, addiction, and psychological measures before beginning treatment. Results indicate that these patients are limited intellectually, educationally, financially, and emotionally. Psychiatric comorbidity was high, with 45% having non-substance abuse axis I diagnoses and 75% having(More)
Tramadol has been marketed in the US since 1995. The US Food and Drug Administration agreed to release tramadol as a non-scheduled drug if proactive post-marketing surveillance studies would be conducted. This study was one of two phase IV protocols that were part of the overall surveillance program. It focused on impaired health professionals who are a(More)
Optimal management of locally advanced breast cancer is controversial. Claims of superiority for neoadjuvant systemic therapy are based on comparisons with outdated historical control groups who received no chemotherapy. Between 1978 and 1987, 118 patients with locally advanced breast cancer underwent treatment and follow-up at the Medical College of(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the efficacy of structured questionnaire screening and prenatal urine toxicology for the detection of substance use by pregnant women, and to describe substance use patterns in a group of women presenting to a university-based obstetric clinic. METHODS All patients presenting to our obstetric clinic for their first prenatal visit(More)
Despite potentially devastating consequences to both mother and child, many pregnant substance abusers refuse treatment. To understand why, the present study compared women who enrolled in (N = 102) vs. declined (N = 23) day treatment. Participants were primarily African American, unemployed, high school graduates with a mean age of 27 years. Although(More)
This study investigated the association between two demographic and two psychological variables and treatment retention for 65 perinatal substance abusers. Subjects who lived in the community while attending day treatment were 6.125 times more likely to drp out than subjects who lived in a program-operated shelter (p < .0001). An interaction was found for(More)
Three subgroups of drug dependent women (N = 78) were identified through cluster analysis on MCMI-II scores. Group 1 (26%) presented a relatively benign clinical picture. In contrast, Group 2 (37%) evidenced severe addiction, psychiatric (Axis I), and personality (Axis II) problems. Group 3 (37%) was characterized by fewer Axis I problems, prominent(More)