Kathryn Russell

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The neuroleptic haloperidol was found to produce increased defecation in laboratory rats when tested in well habituated environments. It is well known that haloperidol induces catalepsy through antagonism of striatal dopaminergic receptor mechanisms. When another cataleptic agent, morphine, was tested, no significant increases in defectation were detected.(More)
Most investigators have found a decrease in emotional defecation in rats given neuroleptics in novel environments, supporting their action as a major tranquilizer. We have found, however, that in rats a profound increase in emotional defecation can result from neuroleptic administration in well habituated environments, such as the homecage. Anticholinergics(More)
The increased locomotor activity induced by systemic injections of d-amphetamine or scopolamine in rats was studied in Digiscan Animal Activity Monitors. This multifactorial analysis of locomotion demonstrated that activity measures of horizontal (ambulatory), vertical (rearing), stereotypic, and rotational behaviors differed depending on dose and drug. The(More)
Recently, Bauer reported that amphetamine did not increase rearing behavior in adult rats. This result is at variance with many earlier reports demonstrating that amphetamine does increase rearing behavior. Because Bauer's automated measure only detected rearing when it occurred on the wall of the cage, it is possible that amphetamine only increased rearing(More)
AIM To evaluate the effectiveness of lignocaine and a vibrating device with cold pack (Buzzy) for pain management of intramuscular (IM) benzathine penicillin injections in the rheumatic fever (RF) population of Counties Manukau District Health Board (CMDHB). METHODS Four hundred and five RF patients receiving four weekly injections in the CMDHB region(More)
A pharmacist competency-certification program was developed to train and evaluate newly hired pharmacists, provide continuing education and skills development for staff pharmacists, and standardize clinical pharmacy practice at a 940-bed teaching hospital. A pretest, self-teaching module, and written final examination were developed; the total program can(More)
Computerized data on absenteeism were used as a basis for employee counseling and disciplinary action, and the effect of this program on absenteeism was assessed. In the pharmacy department of an 1100-bed tertiary-care hospital, a microcomputer program provides weekly print-outs of number of occurrences of absence, reason for absence, and total hours absent(More)
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