Kathryn R. Starr

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE M1 muscarinic ACh receptors (mAChRs) represent an attractive drug target for the treatment of cognitive deficits associated with diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia. However, the discovery of subtype-selective mAChR agonists has been hampered by the high degree of conservation of the orthosteric ACh-binding site(More)
Rationale: Orexins A and B have recently been discovered and shown to be derived from prepro-orexin, primarily expressed in the rat hypothalamus. Orexin-A has been ascribed a number of in vivo functions in the rat after intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration, including hyperphagia, neuroendocrine modulation and, most recently, evidence for a(More)
We report here the use of rat high-light social interaction to model the temporal anxiolytic/antidepressant effects of SSRIs seen in the clinic. Compared to vehicle controls, 21, but not 14, days of paroxetine treatment (3 mg kg(-1), p.o., daily) produced a marked increase in rat social interaction (Vehicle=71.3+/-7.3 s; Paroxetine=116.7+/-14.7 s; P<0.01)(More)
The 5-HT1B receptor has attracted significant interest as a potential target for the development of therapeutics for the treatment of affective disorders such as anxiety and depression. Here we present the in vivo characterisation of a novel, selective and orally bioavailable 5-HT1B receptor antagonist, SB-616234-A(More)
Vilazodone has been reported to be an inhibitor of 5-hydoxytryptamine (5-HT) reuptake and a partial agonist at 5-HT1A receptors. Using [35S]GTPgammaS binding in rat hippocampal tissue, vilazodone was demonstrated to have an intrinsic activity comparable to the 5-HT1A receptor agonist 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT). Vilazodone (1-10 mg/kg(More)
The delay in onset and treatment resistance of subpopulations of depressed patients to conventional serotonin reuptake inhibitors has lead to new drug development strategies to produce agents with improved antidepressant efficacy. We report the in vivo characterization of the novel 5-HT1A/1B autoreceptor antagonist/5-HT transporter inhibitor(More)
Aberrant glutamatergic neurotransmission may underlie the pathogenesis of schizophrenia and metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) have been implicated in the disease. We have established the localization of the group III mGluR subtype, mGluR8, in the human body and investigated the biological effects of the selective mGluR8 agonist(More)
Hyperprolactinaemia is a common side effect of antipsychotic treatment and the clinical consequences associated with this, e.g. sexual dysfunction, can have a negative impact on patient compliance. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the atypical antipsychotics olanzapine and risperidone on prolactin levels in rats using different(More)
Preclinically, the combination of an SSRI and 5-HT autoreceptor antagonist has been shown to reduce the time to onset of anxiolytic activity compared to an SSRI alone. In accordance with this, clinical data suggest the coadministration of an SSRI and (+/-) pindolol can decrease the time to onset of anxiolytic/antidepressant activity. Thus, the dual-acting(More)
Glycine can act as either an inhibitory neurotransmitter or as a potentiator of NMDA-dependent excitatory neurotransmission. There is some evidence that glycine can have both pro- and anticonvulsant properties in various rodent models of epilepsy. In the present study we tested several glycine transporter 1 (GlyT1) inhibitors including NFPS, SSR 504734, Lu(More)