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Endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization and relaxation of vascular smooth muscle are mediated by endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors (EDHFs). EDHF candidates include cytochrome P-450 metabolites of arachidonic acid, K(+), hydrogen peroxide, or electrical coupling through gap junctions. In bovine coronary arteries, epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs)(More)
Our goal was to quantify mitochondrial and plasma potential (Δψ(m) and Δψ(p)) based on the disposition of rhodamine 123 (R123) or tetramethylrhodamine ethyl ester (TMRE) in the medium surrounding pulmonary endothelial cells. Dyes were added to the medium, and their concentrations in extracellular medium ([R(e)]) were measured over time. R123 [R(e)] fell(More)
Endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors (EDHFs) regulate vascular tone by contributing to the vasorelaxations to shear stress and endothelial agonists such as bradykinin and acetylcholine. 15(S)-Hydroxy-11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (15-H-11,12-EETA) and 11(R),12(S),15(S)-trihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid (11,12,15-THETA) are endothelial metabolites of the(More)
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are endothelium-derived eicosanoids that activate potassium channels, hyperpolarize the membrane, and cause relaxation. We tested 19 analogs of 14,15-EET on vascular tone to determine the structural features required for activity. 14,15-EET relaxed bovine coronary arterial rings in a concentration-related manner (ED(50) =(More)
The chemical identification and functional characterization of endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors varies depending on vascular size, vascular bed and species. Three major candidates are the epoxyeicosatrienoic acids, cytochrome P450 metabolites of arachidonic acid, potassium ion and hydrogen peroxide. Additionally, electrical coupling through(More)
Rabbit aortic endothelium metabolizes arachidonic acid (AA) by the 15-lipoxygenase pathway to vasodilatory eicosanoids, hydroxyepoxyeicosatrienoic acids (HEETAs), and trihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (THETAs). The present study determined the chemical identity of the vasoactive THETA and investigated its role in ACh-induced relaxation in the rabbit aorta. AA(More)
Lipoxygenases regulate vascular function by metabolizing arachidonic acid (AA) to dilator eicosanoids. Previously, we showed that endothelium-targeted adenoviral vector-mediated gene transfer of the human 15-lipoxygenase-1 (h15-LO-1) enhances arterial relaxation through the production of vasodilatory hydroxyepoxyeicosatrienoic acid (HEETA) and(More)
5,6-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (5,6-EET) is a cytochrome P450 epoxygenase metabolite of arachidonic acid that causes vasorelaxation. However, investigations of its role in biological systems have been limited by its chemical instability. We developed a stable agonist of 5,6-EET, 5-(pentadeca-3(Z),6(Z),9(Z)-trienyloxy)pentanoic acid (PTPA), in which the(More)
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) cause vascular relaxation by activating smooth muscle large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (K(Ca)) channels. EETs are metabolized to dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs) by epoxide hydrolase. We examined the contribution of 14,15-DHET to 14,15-EET-induced relaxations and characterized its mechanism of action. 14,15-DHET(More)
Acetylcholine stimulates the release of endothelium-derived arachidonic acid (AA) metabolites including prostacyclin and epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), which relax coronary arteries. However, mechanisms of endothelial cell (EC) AA activation remain undefined. We propose that 2-arachidonylglycerol (2-AG) plays an important role in this pathway. An AA(More)