Kathryn M Coughlin

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Component malrotation may result in unsuccessful total knee arthroplasty. We asked whether revision improves function in patients with malrotated total knee arthroplasty components. We retrospectively reviewed 22 revision total knee arthroplasties performed for femoral and/or tibial component malrotation. Revision surgery was performed within 2 years of the(More)
The material properties of articular cartilage in the rabbit tibial plateau were determined using biphasic indentation creep tests. Cartilage specimens from matched-pair hind limbs of rabbits approximately 4 months of age and greater than 12 months of age were tested on two locations within each compartment using a custom built materials testing apparatus.(More)
A laboratory-based study was performed to describe the tibial axis and patellar position relative to the femoral epicondylar (FE) axis during squatting. During the squat, the angle between the tibial and FE axes averaged 90.5 degrees, and 66% of internal rotation of the tibia occurred before 15 degrees flexion. In the mid-sagittal plane of the femur, the(More)
Deep flexion activities including kneeling are desired by patients after total knee arthroplasty. This in vivo radiographic study sought to reveal the effect of tibial insert design on tibiofemoral kinematics during kneeling. One group of patients received standard posterior stabilized tibial inserts, whereas the other group received posterior stabilized(More)
Some surgeons warn against kneeling after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), because limited clinical data exist. We describe the tibiofemoral contact position of TKA components during kneeling in vivo. Ten posterior-substituting (PS) and 10 cruciate-retaining (CR) designs were examined using a radiographic image-matching technique. Movement from standing to(More)
The orientation of the femur, tibia, and patella are important considerations in total knee arthroplasty. Our goal was to describe the relationships between the femoral epicondylar (FE) axis, posterior femoral (PF) axis, posterior tibial (PT) axis, patellar (PAT) axis, and patellar ligament (PL). A secondary goal was to determine where the short axis of the(More)
Generally, 2 different methods are used to select femoral size. These can be termed "size-matched resection" and "flexion-space balancing." The purpose of this paper is to compare these 2 methods during 50 sequential total knee arthroplasty surgeries. The flexion-space-balancing method led to a smaller size selection than the size-matched-resection method(More)
A retrospective review of 81 sequential primary total hip arthroplasties using a cementless, high-offset femoral stem was performed. Follow-up was 24 to 60 months. The average age at the time of surgery was 54 years. The femoral bone types were: 36% Dorr A, 51% Dorr B, and 13% Dorr C. The mean postoperative Harris Hip Score was 95. The mean postoperative(More)
This report represents a 5- to 10-year follow-up of our initial 2- to 5-year data with this proximally hydroxyapatite-coated stem design (Secur-Fit, Stryker Orthopaedics, Mahwah, NJ). This is a retrospective review of a single surgeon's consecutive cases. A total of 105 cases were available for complete review. The average follow-up was 6.7 years (60-123(More)
Methods of producing relevant and quantifiable load alterations in vivo with which to study load-induced cartilage degeneration analogous to osteoarthritis are limited. An animal model was used to investigate the effects of increased chronic loads on articular cartilage. Mature rabbits were randomized into one of three experimentally loaded groups and a(More)