Kathryn M. Buller

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It has been hypothesized that the brain categorizes stressors and utilizes neural response pathways that vary in accordance with the assigned category. If this is true, stressors should elicit patterns of neuronal activation within the brain that are category-specific. Data from previous immediate-early gene expression mapping studies have hinted that this(More)
The current study, in parallel experiments, evaluated the impact of chronic psychological stress on physiological and behavioural measures, and on the activation status of microglia in 15 stress-responsive brain regions. Rats were subjected, for 14 days, to two 30 min sessions of restraint per day, applied at random times each day. In one experiment the(More)
The amygdala plays a pivotal role in the generation of appropriate responses to emotional stimuli. In the case of emotional stressors, these responses include activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. This effect is generally held to depend upon the central nucleus of the amygdala, but recent evidence suggests a role for the medial(More)
The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) has been strongly implicated in control of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) response to stress. Because of the paucity of direct projections from the mPFC to the PVN, we sought to investigate possible brain regions that might act as a relay between the two during psychological stress. Bilateral(More)
Cytosolic sulfotransferases are believed to play a role in the neuromodulation of certain neurotransmitters and drugs. To date, four cytosolic sulfotransferases have been shown to be expressed in human brain. Recently, a novel human brain sulfotransferase has been identified and characterized, although its role and localization in the brain are unknown.(More)
The complement system is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of numerous neurological diseases, although its precise role remains controversial. In this study we used orally active C5a receptor antagonists (PMX53 and PMX205) developed in our laboratories in a rat model of 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP) -induced Huntington's disease. Administration of(More)
Neuroinflammation is a key mechanism contributing to long-term neuropathology observed after neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI). Minocycline, a second-generation tetracycline, is a potent inhibitor of neuroinflammatory mediators and is successful for at least short-term amelioration of neuronal injury after neonatal HI. However the long-term efficacy of(More)
Medial parvocellular paraventricular corticotropin-releasing hormone (mPVN CRH) cells are critical in generating hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responses to systemic interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). However, although it is understood that catecholamine inputs are important in initiating mPVN CRH cell responses to IL-1beta, the contributions of(More)
We performed c-fos expression experiments in conscious rats to quantify the threshold and extent of activation of hypothalamic neuroendocrine cells in response to non-hypotensive and hypotensive hemorrhages allowing us to assess whether their pattern of recruitment corresponded to known oxytocin, vasopressin and ACTH release patterns. Also, because previous(More)