Kathryn L Garrett

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OBJECTIVE To test the impact of two levels of intervention on communication frequency, quality, success, and ease between nurses and intubated intensive care unit (ICU) patients. DESIGN Quasi-experimental, 3-phase sequential cohort study: (1) usual care, (2) basic communication skills training (BCST) for nurses, (3) additional training in augmentative and(More)
This paper describes a quasi-experimental three-phase sequential cohort design used in the Study of Patient-Nurse Effectiveness with Assisted Communication Strategies (SPEACS) to test two interventions to improve nurse-patient communication in the intensive care unit (ICU). The sample consists of 10 nurses and 30 nonspeaking ICU patients in each phase(More)
BACKGROUND The inability to speak during critical illness is a source of distress for patients, yet nurse-patient communication in the intensive care unit has not been systematically studied or measured. OBJECTIVES To describe communication interactions, methods, and assistive techniques between nurses and nonspeaking critically ill patients in the(More)
Communication problems experienced by nonspeaking, critically ill patients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) have serious implications for the physical and psychological well-being of patients and the quality of their care. These problems are most profound for those with prolonged critical illnesses who are at the highest risk of dying. Recently, speech(More)
BACKGROUND The inability to speak during mechanical ventilation is recognized as a terrifying and isolating experience that is related to feelings of panic, insecurity, anger, worry, fear, sleep disturbances, and stress among critically ill patients. Alternative methods of communicating with temporarily nonspeaking patients in the intensive care unit (ICU)(More)
The literature on the importance of plant pathogens sometimes emphasizes their possible role in historical food shortages and even in famines. Aside from such major crises, plant pathogens should also be seen as important reducers of crop performances, with impacts on system sustainability, from the ecological, agronomical, social, and economic standpoints(More)
  • A Beck, H Fritz, +7 authors Low­morrow
  • 2016
(1995). Augmentative and alternative communication intervention for persons with severe aphasia. Story telling as an augmentative communication approach for a man with severe apraxia of speech and expressive aphasia. ASHA Special Interest Division #12 Newsletter (Augmentative and Alternative Communication), 4, 3­4. Augmentative communication: Management of(More)
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