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In patients with acceptable sperm count and motility, two patterns of abnormal morphology, judged with strict criteria, were identified and described. Patients with less than 4% normal forms and less than 30% morphology index (summation of normal and slightly amorphous forms) had a fertilization rate of 7.6% of the oocytes (P pattern, poor prognosis).(More)
A prospective study was planned to evaluate sperm morphology as a parameter to predict the fertilization outcome in an in vitro fertilization program. Couples applying to in vitro fertilization were admitted into this project when the sperm concentration was greater than 20 million per mL and motility greater than 30 per cent. Based on new strict criteria(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetes leads to protein kinase C (PKC)-beta overactivation and microvascular dysfunction, possibly resulting in disordered skin microvascular blood flow (SkBF) and other changes observed in diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) patients. We investigate the effects of the isoform-selective PKC-beta inhibitor ruboxistaurin mesylate on neurovascular(More)
BACKGROUND The etiology of sensory neuropathies is often not found. We tested the hypothesis that the metabolic syndrome (MS) may be associated with painful neuropathy, in the absence of frank diabetes. METHODS Clinical and quantitative neuropathy assessments were performed on 10 neuropathy patients with MS, 20 with MS with type 2 diabetes (10 recent(More)
Sperm morphology evaluated by new, strict criteria is a good predictor of outcome in in vitro fertilization (IVF). This study aimed (1) to determine whether the fertilization rate of preovulatory oocytes in patients with abnormal morphology can be improved by increasing insemination concentration at the time of IVF and (2) to evaluate the pregnancy outcome(More)
Acrosin, a neutral proteinase, is located within the acrosome. The aim of this study was to evaluate acrosin concentrations in patients with severe damage of the sperm head and to determine whether acrosin concentration could predict the chances of fertilization in an IVF program. Sixty patients were accepted into this study, prospectively. The patients(More)
The evaluation of sperm morphology is still an important parameter in the diagnosis of the infertile male. Most techniques used for staining human sperm are very time-consuming. A routine stain used for determining differential count of leucocytes (Diff-Quik stain) was evaluated against the standard Papanicolaou stain. Morphology results from 20 duplicate(More)
A new method for evaluation of sperm morphology using strict criteria is currently used in the andrology laboratory at the Eastern Virginia Medical School. A prospective study was designed to evaluate the following semen parameters in samples of all patients over a set period of time: sperm concentration and motility, and normal sperm morphology. These(More)
PURPOSE To assess the effects of topiramate on C-fiber function, nerve fiber morphology, and metabolism (including insulin sensitivity, obesity, and dyslipidemia) in type 2 diabetes. PATIENTS AND METHODS We conducted an 18-week, open-label trial treating patients with topiramate. Twenty subjects with type 2 diabetes and neuropathy (61.5 ± 1.29 years; 15(More)
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