Learn More
We have recently demonstrated that the macrophage L-arginine-dependent cytotoxic pathway effectively kills the virulent Erdman strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in vitro via the generation of toxic reactive nitrogen intermediates by the enzyme nitric oxide synthase. This report demonstrates that two distinct inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase(More)
UNLABELLED Activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) has been implicated as a mechanism in the development of steatohepatitis. This finding, together with the reported role of JNK signaling in the development of obesity and insulin resistance, two components of the metabolic syndrome and predisposing factors for fatty liver disease, suggests that JNK may(More)
Dengue infections are caused by a single-stranded RNA virus, which has four serotypes (DEN 1-4); mosquitoes of the genus Aedes serve as vectors of transmission. Risk factors for dengue infection are related to both the host and virus. Age, gender, immune status, and genetic background of the host all contribute to the severity of dengue infection. Recently,(More)
Approximately one-third of the human population is latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, comprising a critical reservoir for disease reactivation. Despite the importance of latency in maintaining M. tuberculosis in the human population, little is known about the mycobacterial factors that regulate persistence and reactivation. Previous in vitro(More)
UNLABELLED The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in humans increases with age. It is unknown whether this association is secondary to the increased incidence of risk factors for NAFLD that occurs with aging, reflects the culmination of years of exposure to lifestyle factors such as a high-fat diet (HFD), or(More)
Reactivation of latent tuberculosis contributes significantly to the incidence of disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The mechanisms involved in the containment of latent tuberculosis are poorly understood. Using the low-dose model of persistent murine tuberculosis in conjunction with MP6-XT22, a monoclonal antibody that functionally neutralizes(More)
The granulomatous reaction is the hallmark of the host response to infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Despite its apparent importance to host defence against the tubercle bacillus, the granulomatous response remains to be completely defined. The present study used histological, immunohistochemical and flow-cytometric analyses to characterize(More)
Tuberculosis is a major cause of death in much of the world. Current estimates are that one-third of the world's population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Most infected persons control the infection but in many cases may not eliminate the organism. Reactivation of this clinically latent infection is responsible for a large proportion of active(More)
A unique feature of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is its ability to establish latent infection in the human host, which can reactivate to cause disease years later. In the present study, the mechanisms involved in the control of latent tuberculous infection were examined using two murine experimental tuberculosis models. Analysis of the model involving(More)
Hepatic tumors often recur in the liver after surgical resection. Postoperative radiotherapy (RT) could improve survival, but curative RT may induce delayed life-threatening radiation-induced liver damage. Because RT inhibits liver regeneration, we hypothesized that unirradiated, transplanted hepatocytes would proliferate preferentially in a partially(More)