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The present study investigated the mechanisms involved in the preparation of pointing movements in humans. We provided visual precues on the location of the upcoming target, and registered the effect of these precues on the reaction time (RT = interval between target appearance and movement onset). Generally, precues were found to reduce RT, suggesting that(More)
Human subjects pointed, without seeing their arm, at visual targets presented in repeated sequences in a frontal plane. Required movement direction could change within the sequence by 0, 45, 90, 135 or 180 degrees. Hand position was recorded contact-free in three dimensions (3D). From the recordings, the pointing errors towards each target were transformed(More)
Recent behavioural experiments have shown that birds use ultraviolet (UV)-reflective and fluorescent plumage as cues in mate choice. It remains controversial, however, whether such UV signals play a special role in sexual communication, or whether they are part of general plumage coloration. We use a comparative approach to test for a general association(More)
We studied the accuracy of aimed arm movements in normal gravity, and during the hypergravity (hyper-G) and microgravity (micro-G) episodes of KC-135 parabolic flights. Subjects pointed at mirror-viewed targets without sight of their arm, and final pointing position was measured by a digitizing pad. Compared with the normal gravity (normal-G) baseline,(More)
Maternal effects occur when offspring phenotype is affected by environmental factors experienced by the mother and, in egg-laying species, are often mediated via egg resources. There is currently great interest among behavioural ecologists in maternally allocated yolk androgens, especially their relationship with offspring sex and development. Such studies(More)
Early nutrition shapes life history. Parents should, therefore, provide a diet that will optimize the nutrient intake of their offspring. In a number of passerines, there is an often observed, but unexplained, peak in spider provisioning during chick development. We show that the proportion of spiders in the diet of nestling blue tits, Cyanistes caeruleus,(More)
Molecular dynamics simulation is a class of applications that require reducing the execution time of xed-size problems. This reduction in execution time is important to drug design and protein interaction studies. Many implementations of parallel molecular dynamics have been developed, but very little work has addressed issues related to the use of machines(More)
The division of labour in parental care between the two sexes varies between and within species. In birds, parents have been shown to invest more into egg production and nestling care when paired with an attractive rather than an unattractive mate, as predicted by the differential allocation hypothesis. Here we investigate variation in the female's and(More)
BACKGROUND Literature proposes three hypotheses for impaired movement execution in hyper-G. The present study attempted to discriminate between these hypotheses by comparing kinematic characteristics and final accuracy of pointing movements in different gravity levels. METHOD Subjects pointed without seeing their hand at targets presented before, during(More)