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We present experimental procedures describing the creation of perforated patches by use of amphotericin B. In 13 different cellular preparations, access resistances below 10 M omega were achieved and with blunt electrode tips, access resistances of 3-4 M omega were possible. In addition to using the techniques to measure whole cell currents, we have used(More)
Patch-clamp recording from the apical surface of the epithelium of frog lens reveals a cation-selective channel after pressure (about +/- 30 mm Hg) is applied to the pipette. The open state of this channel has a conductance of some 50 pS near the resting potential (-56.1 +/- 2.3 mV) when 107 mM NaCl and 10 HEPES (pH 7.3) is outside the channel. The(More)
The apical membrane of the rabbit corneal endothelium contains a cation selective channel of 21.7 +/- 0.4 pS conductance which is activated by internal Ca2+ and inhibited by internal ATP. Patch clamp studies show the channel to be quite selective for cations over anions but not to select between Na+ and K+. In excised patches in the inside-out(More)
Adult male Wistar rats were anesthetized with urethan (1.5 g/kg). They were unable to maintain body temperature (Tb) in a warm (32 degrees C) or cool (9 degrees C) environment or at a laboratory room temperature of 22 degrees C. Tb was allowed to fall to 35.8, 34.5, or 33.3 degrees C, and prostaglandin E1 (PGE1, 400 ng) was delivered into a lateral cerebral(More)
The febrile response of the New Zealand White rabbit in animals less than 1 yr old was compared with that in 3-yr-old animals. A reduced febrile response to both endotoxin and live bacteria injected intravenously was observed in the older group of animals. Peripheral vasoconstriction was observed, suggesting the drive to increase body temperature remained.(More)
The effect of age on the febrile response of New Zealand White rabbits was investigated by administering bacterial endotoxin intravenously to animals from two different age groups. Rabbits greater than 2.0 years of age developed significantly smaller fevers than did animals that were less than 1.0 year old (p less than 0.001). The deficit in the febrile(More)
The effect of an antipyretic drug administered directly into the preoptic-anterior hypothalamus was measured in order to investigate the role of fever on mortality of bacterially infected mammals. New Zealand white rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) were injected intravenously with Pasteurella multocida and either sodium salicylate or a control solution was(More)