Kathryn C Jordan

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BACKGROUND The anterior cingulate and several other prefrontal and parietal brain regions are implicated in error processing and cognitive control. The effects of different doses of alcohol on activity within these brain regions during a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) task where errors are frequently committed have not been fully explored. (More)
A novel putative polypeptide hormone identified as islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) was recently purified from islet amyloid (IA) of diabetic humans and cats, and also from amyloid of a human insulinoma. Although the function of IAPP is yet unknown, its occurrence in pancreatic endocrine tissue and its partial amino acid sequence identity with calcitonin(More)
Adult cats determined by clinical laboratory evaluations to be normal, impaired glucose tolerant, or overtly diabetic were used to explore prospectively the relationships among pancreatic beta cell islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) immunoreactivity, islet amyloid (IA) deposition, and diabetogenesis. IAPP-derived IA was found in 11 of 14 (79%) diabetic cats,(More)
Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) is a recently discovered pancreatic islet hormone which is stored with insulin in beta cell granules. IAPP may have a significant role in the development of Type 2 diabetes mellitus due to its propensity to form islet cell-disrupting amyloid deposits, and by opposing the action of insulin in peripheral tissues. Most evidence(More)
Cats and humans, unlike most rodent species, develop amyloid in the islets of Langerhans in conjunction with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. The amyloid consists of a 37-amino acid polypeptide referred to as islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP). The primary structures of IAPP from human and three rodent species have previously been determined. Sequence(More)
The study of the pathogenesis of islet amyloidosis and its relationship to the development and progression of type 2 diabetes mellitus has been hampered by the lack of an experimentally inducible animal model. The domestic cat, by virtue of the fact that it is one of the few species that spontaneously develop a form of diabetes mellitus that closely(More)
Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) has been implicated by in vitro studies as an inhibitor of insulin-stimulated glucose utilization by skeletal muscle cells and also as an inhibitor of insulin-stimulated insulin secretion by beta cells. Increased expression and production of IAPP by beta cells, as has been suggested to occur in cats with impaired glucose(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate and compare circulating concentrations of islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP), insulin, and glucose in nondiabetic cats classified by body condition score (BCS) and in cats with naturally occurring diabetes mellitus. ANIMALS 109 (82 nondiabetic, 21 nonketoacidotic diabetic, and 6 ketoacidotic diabetic) cats. PROCEDURES Cats were(More)
To further characterize spontaneous diabetes mellitus in cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) as a model for human non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), we evaluated the morphologic characteristics of the endocrine pancreas of 4 diabetic and 12 age-matched nondiabetic cynomolgus macaques. In addition, the cDNA-predicted amino acid sequence(More)
The mechanisms underlying insufficient insulin secretion and loss of beta-cell mass in feline and human type 2 diabetes mellitus are incompletely understood. However, islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP)-derived islet amyloidosis (IA) has been linked to increased rates of beta-cell apoptosis and, therefore, our goal was to develop an in vitro model of IAPP(More)