Kathryn C. Fitzgerald

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BACKGROUND Exposure to metals has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease (PD). OBJECTIVES We sought to examine in a large prospective study of female nurses whether exposure to airborne metals was associated with risk of PD. METHODS We linked the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)'s Air Toxics tract-level data with the Nurses'(More)
IMPORTANCE Low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels are associated with an increased risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) as well as with increased disease activity and rate of progression in clinically isolated syndromes and early MS. OBJECTIVE To assess the association between 25(OH)D and disease course and prognosis in patients with(More)
IMPORTANCE Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a severe progressive disease that cannot be prevented or cured. Diet-derived long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are incorporated in brain lipids and modulate oxidative and inflammatory processes and could thus affect ALS risk and progression. OBJECTIVE To examine the association between ω-6 and(More)
Disease classification system increasingly incorporates information on pathogenic mechanisms to predict clinical outcomes and response to therapy and intervention. Technological advancements to interrogate omics (genomics, epigenomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, metagenomics, interactomics, etc.) provide widely open opportunities in(More)
Animal and pathological studies suggest that inflammation may contribute to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) pathology and that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) might be protective. However, there are no prospective data on the relation between NSAID use and ALS risk in humans. The relation between NSAID use and ALS risk was explored in(More)
OBJECTIVE Prior research has suggested the possible role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Prospective data examining dietary antioxidants such carotenoids and vitamin C are limited. METHODS Risk of ALS associated with carotenoid and vitamin C intake was investigated in 5 prospective cohorts: the National(More)
BACKGROUND Once atrial fibrillation (AF) progresses to sustained forms, adverse outcomes increase and treatment success rates decrease. Therefore, identification of risk factors predisposing to persistence of AF may have a significant impact on AF morbidity. METHODS AND RESULTS We prospectively examined the differential associations between traditional,(More)
OBJECTIVE No standard, widely accepted criteria exist to determine who should be referred for an epilepsy surgical evaluation. As a result, indications for epilepsy surgery evaluation vary significantly between centers. We review the literature to assess what criteria have been used to select patients for resective epilepsy surgery and examine whether these(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody levels or tobacco use were associated with conversion to multiple sclerosis (MS) or MS progression/activity in patients presenting with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS). METHODS In this prospective, longitudinal study, we measured EBV IgG antibody and cotinine(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to air pollution has been implicated in a number of adverse health outcomes and the effect of particulate matter (PM) on the brain is beginning to be recognized. Yet, no prospective study has examined the association between PM and risk of Parkinson Disease. Thus, our goal was assess if exposure to particulate matter air pollution is(More)