Kathryn A Quinn

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The irreversible oxidation of cysteine residues can be prevented by protein S-thiolation, in which protein -SH groups form mixed disulfides with low-molecular-weight thiols such as glutathione. We report here the identification of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase as the major target of protein S-thiolation following treatment with hydrogen peroxide(More)
Our studies have identified a soluble molecule in normal human plasma and serum with the characteristics of the alpha-chain of the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP). LRP is a large multifunctional receptor mediating the clearance of diverse ligands, including selected lipoproteins, various protease inhibitor complexes, and(More)
The irreversible oxidation of cysteine residues can be prevented by protein S-thiolation, a process by which protein -SH groups form mixed disulfides with low molecular weight thiols such as glutathione. We report here that this protein modification is not a simple response to the cellular redox state, since different oxidants lead to different patterns of(More)
We report characterization of the soluble form of the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (sLRP) which circulates in human plasma. Amino acid sequence analysis confirmed that sLRP isolated from human plasma contains the alpha-chain of LRP1. In addition, Western blot analysis identified a truncated beta-chain noncovalently associated with the(More)
Low density lipoprotein receptor family members characteristically bind 39-kDa receptor associated protein (RAP). Soluble forms of these receptors have been described in humans including the 515/85-kDa dimeric receptor, low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP/alpha2MR), which is involved in multiple processes including lipoprotein and protease(More)
Our previous studies have shown that glutathione is an essential metabolite in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae because a mutant deleted for GSH1, encoding the first enzyme in gamma-l-glutamyl-l-cysteinylglycine (GSH) biosynthesis, cannot grow in its absence. In contrast, strains deleted for GSH2, encoding the second step in GSH synthesis, grow poorly as(More)
Soluble forms of receptors can influence the activity of their membrane-bound counterparts by affecting their interactions with ligands. Low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-related protein (LRP), a member of the LDL receptor family, binds multiple classes of ligands and has been implicated in a broad range of normal and disease processes involving lipid(More)
The multiligand receptor, low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP), is implicated in processes such as atherosclerosis and fibrinolysis through its mediation of the catabolism of lipoproteins, proteases, and protease inhibitor complexes. The hepatoma cell line Hep G2 expresses LRP and has been used widely to investigate the catabolism of LRP(More)
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