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Infection with Helicobacter pylori strains containing the cag Pathogenicity Island (cag PAI) is strongly correlated with the development of severe gastric disease, including gastric and duodenal ulceration, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, and gastric carcinoma. Although in vitro studies have demonstrated that the expression of genes within the(More)
Gastric bacteria of a variety of ultrastructural morphologies have been identified in or isolated from domestic carnivores, but their prevalence in different populations of animals and their clinical significance are still unknown. The purposes of this study were (i) to evaluate the prevalence and morphologic types of gastric bacterial in three different(More)
A form of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) similar in clinical features to human ADPKD occurs in the Persian cat. We characterized the morphologic and immunohistochemical features of this disease in a colony of affected cats. Complete postmortem examinations were performed on 11 normal and 22 affected cats ranging in age from 3 months to(More)
Prostaglandins (PGs) are potent lipid mediators that are produced during infections and whose synthesis and signaling networks present potential pharmacologic targets for immunomodulation. PGE(2) acts through the ligation of four distinct G protein-coupled receptors, E-prostanoid (EP) 1-4. Previous in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated that the(More)
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) is a food-borne pathogen that causes hemorrhagic colitis and acute renal failure. We used a germ-free mouse model to investigate the role of host factors, Shiga toxin 2 (Stx2), and bacterial strain in disease due to EHEC. Germ-free male and female Swiss-Webster mice that were 3 days to 12 weeks old were orally(More)
'Flexispira rappini' is a provisional name given to gram-negative, microaerophilic, motile, spindle-shaped micro-organisms with spiral periplasmic fibres and bipolar tufts of sheathed flagella. Several investigators, including Kirkbride, Romero, and Archer isolated strains possessing this morphology. Previously, the phylogenetic position of three(More)
Chronic inflammation in the stomach induces metaplasia, the pre-cancerous lesion that precedes inflammation-driven neoplastic transformation. While Hedgehog signaling contributes to the initiation of some cancers, its role in gastric transformation remains poorly defined. We found that Helicobacter-infected C57BL/6 mice develop extensive mucous cell(More)
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC), particularly serotype O157:H7, causes hemorrhagic colitis, hemolytic uremic syndrome, and even death. In vitro studies showed that Shiga toxin 2 (Stx2), the primary virulence factor expressed by EDL933 (an O157:H7 strain), is encoded by the 933W prophage. And the bacterial subpopulation in which the 933W prophage(More)
Gastritis due to Helicobacter pylori is induced by a Th1-mediated response that is CD4 cell and gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) dependent. T-bet is a transcription factor that directs differentiation of and IFN-gamma secretion by CD4+ Th1 T cells. The goal of this study was to use two mouse models to elucidate the role of T-bet in gastritis due to H. pylori.(More)
We have shown that Helicobacter pylori induces tolerogenic programming of dendritic cells and inhibits the host immune response. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) represent a class of transmembrane pattern recognition receptors essential for microbial recognition and control of the innate immune response. In this study, we examined the role of TLRs in mediating H.(More)