Kathryn A. Dong

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BACKGROUND Previous studies of differences in mental health care associated with children's sociodemographic status have focused on access to community care. We examined differences associated with visits to the emergency department. METHODS We conducted a 6-year population-based cohort analysis using administrative databases of visits (n = 30,656) by(More)
OBJECTIVE Understanding the temporality of mental health presentations to the emergency department (ED) during the 24-hour cycle, day of the week, and month of the year may facilitate strategic planning of ED-based mental health services. METHODS Data on 30,656 ED presentations for mental illness, substance use, or intentional self-harm by 20,956 patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Brief intervention (BI) is recommended for use with youth who use alcohol and other drugs. Emergency departments (EDs) can provide BIs at a time directly linked to harmful and hazardous use. The objective of this systematic review was to determine the effectiveness of ED-based BIs. METHODS We searched 14 electronic databases, a clinical trial(More)
Assessing for the risk of self-harm in acute care is a difficult task, and more information on pertinent risk factors is needed to inform clinical practice. This study examined the relationship of 6 forms of implicit cognition about death, suicide, and self-harm with the occurrence of self-harm in the future. We then attempted to develop a model using these(More)
CONTEXT Alcohol and other drug (AOD) misuse by youth is a significant public health concern. Unanticipated treatment for AOD-related morbidities is often sought in hospital emergency departments (EDs). Screening instruments that rapidly identify patients who require further diagnostic evaluation and/or brief intervention are critically important. (More)
BACKGROUND Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral for Treatment (SBIRT) is an effective approach for managing alcohol and other drug misuse in primary care; however, uptake into routine care has been limited. Uptake of SBIRT by healthcare providers may be particularly problematic for disadvantaged populations exhibiting alcohol and other drug problems,(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper describes patient and treatment characteristics of pediatric mental health Emergency Department (ED) visits associated with alcohol and other drug (AOD) use. METHOD A medical record and administrative database review was conducted. Proportional allocation random stratified sampling identified a representative sample of pediatric (≤18(More)
The assessment of self-harm risk is a common, difficult, and perplexing task for many physicians, especially those working in emergency departments (ED). Attempts have been made to determine objective methods for assessing patients with suicidal ideation or self-harm though there is still a lack of knowledge about objective assessments of these patients. A(More)
OBJECTIVE The emergency department (ED) is a key clinical care setting for identifying and managing patients with alcohol-related presentations. We explored the experiences of emergency physicians in providing alcohol-related care to adolescents. METHODS Purposeful sampling was used to identify pediatric emergency physicians with at least 1 year of(More)
OBJECTIVES Goals for this study were to characterize the substances being used by youth who presented to an emergency department (ED), their demographic descriptors, and to describe the associated acute morbidity and mortality. METHODS We conducted a retrospective review of all youth, ages 10-16 years, who presented to a pediatric ED with complaints(More)