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31P MRS examinations of the brain of 10 healthy volunteers were performed to determine T2 of the coupled ATP signals by use of the localized 90 degrees-TE/2-2662-TE/2-acq frequency selective spin echo sequence for elimination of phase and intensity distortions. The T2 relaxation times obtained are much longer than usually assumed: gamma-ATP: 89 +/- 9 ms;(More)
T2 measurements of 31P NMR signals of ATP using the Hahn 90 degrees-180 degrees spin-echo sequence imply difficulties whenever the 180 degrees pulse angle is not completely perfect. The reason for this finding is the crucial influence of the J-couplings of the ATP signals which result in intensity modulations and consequently in false T2 values even when(More)
31P MRS examinations of the calf muscles of 12 healthy volunteers were performed to determine T2 of the coupled ATP signals by using the 90 degrees-TE/2-2662-TE/2-acq selective spin-echo sequence for elimination of phase and intensity distortions. The T2 relaxation times obtained are much longer than those usually assumed: gamma-ATP, 93 ms; alpha-ATP, 74(More)
The continual rise of asthma in industrialised countries stands in strong contrast to the situation in developing lands. According to the modified Hygiene Hypothesis, helminths play a major role in suppressing bystander immune responses to allergens, and both epidemiological and experimental studies suggest that the tropical parasitic trematode Schistosoma(More)
Quantification of citrate by localized 1H spectroscopy is usually performed using the water signal as reference, but the signal behavior of the J-coupled AB spin system of citrate after multipulse excitation is not as trivial as for uncoupled substances. The influence of the timing scheme of double spin-echo sequences and of the spatial flip angle(More)
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