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Noroviruses are important causes of gastroenteritis; however, due to a lack of sensitive detection methods, the distinct role of contaminated food in norovirus outbreaks remains unclear. Two published virus extraction procedures combined with real-time RT-PCR for the detection of norovirus from food inoculated experimentally were compared. The(More)
BACKGROUND Orthopaedic implants and osteosynthesis materials are increasingly being used. Complications include mainly physical-mechanical problems and infections. Uncommonly, an allergic reaction towards an alloy metal or a bone cement component has been implicated. Potential bone cement allergens include acrylates, benzoyl peroxide,(More)
In many temperate countries Campylobacter spp. are the most common bacterial causes of human infectious intestinal disease. Yet the aetiology of this infection has only partly been described. A majority of human campylobacteriosis cases are associated with food of animal origin. Despite being very sensitive to environmental stressors Campylobacter spp. are(More)
The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the incidence of pulmonary embolism after pacemaker implantation, and to assess the benefits, if any, of postoperative prophylactic heparin therapy. Twenty of 40 patients were given low-dose heparin therapy; the remaining 20 patients were the control group and were not treated. Assignment to one of these(More)
Anaphylaxis is the most severe reaction of an IgE-mediated hypersensitivity. Data about affected patients may help to improve our knowledge of anaphylaxis and its medical care. We analysed data from the anaphylaxis registry of German speaking countries with regard to the provoking allergens and treatment modalities of anaphylaxis in children and(More)
Drug hypersensitivity may deprive patients of drug therapy, and occasionally no effective alternative treatment is available. Successful desensitization has been well documented in delayed drug hypersensitivity reactions. In certain situations, such as sulfonamide hypersensitivity in HIV-positive patients or hypersensitivity to antibiotics in patients with(More)
Cell membrane localization of the 72 kDa heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) has been found on different tumour cell lines, on biopsy material from solid tumours and metastases and on leukaemic blasts from acute myelogenous leukaemia patients, but not on the corresponding normal tissues, as determined by flow cytometry using the Hsp70-specific monoclonal antibody(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory diseases such as asthma may affect individuals' fitness for military service. In order to assess fitness for military service in subjects with asthma symptoms at conscription, objective and reliable tests are needed. OBJECTIVE To prospectively determine the diagnostic value of the mannitol and methacholine bronchial provocation test(More)
BACKGROUND The current diagnostic procedures of anaphylactic reactions to hymenoptera stings include intradermal tests, venom-specific IgE (sIgE) and possibly sting challenge tests. Sometimes, the culprit insect remains unidentified. The usefulness of the cellular assays CAST-ELISA and Flow-CAST in the management of hymenoptera venom allergy was(More)
BACKGROUND Anaphylaxis is the most severe manifestation of a mast cell-dependent immediate reaction and may be fatal. According to data from the Berlin region, its incidence is 2-3 cases per 100 000 persons per year. METHOD We evaluated data from the anaphylaxis registry of the German-speaking countries for 2006-2013 and data from the protocols of the(More)