Learn More
OBJECTIVE Type 2 diabetes is characterized by impaired insulin secretion in response to increased metabolic demand. This defect in beta-cell compensation seems to result from the interplay between environmental factors and genetic predisposition. Genome-wide association studies reveal that common variants in transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) are(More)
In type 1 and type 2 diabetes (T1/T2DM), beta cell destruction by apoptosis results in decreased beta cell mass and progression of the disease. In this study, we found that the interferon gamma-inducible protein 10 plays an important role in triggering beta cell destruction. Islets isolated from patients with T2DM secreted CXCL10 and contained 33.5-fold(More)
In type 2 diabetes, chronic hyperglycemia is suggested to be detrimental to pancreatic beta cells, causing impaired insulin secretion. IL-1beta is a proinflammatory cytokine acting during the autoimmune process of type 1 diabetes. IL-1beta inhibits beta cell function and promotes Fas-triggered apoptosis in part by activating the transcription factor(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that a progressive decrease in the functional beta-cell mass is the hallmark of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The underlying causes, beta-cell apoptosis and impaired secretory function, seem to be partly mediated by macrophage production of interleukin (IL)-1beta and/or high-glucose-induced beta-cell production of IL-1beta.(More)
Loss of beta-cell mass and function raises a concern regarding the application of sulfonylureas for the treatment of type 2 diabetes because previous studies have shown that agents that cause closure of inwardly rectifying K(+) sulfonylurea receptor subtype of ATP-sensitive potassium channels, such as tolbutamide and glibenclamide, induce apoptosis in(More)
Subclinical inflammation is a recently discovered phenomenon in type 2 diabetes. Elevated cytokines impair beta-cell function and survival. A recent clinical trial shows that blocking IL-1beta signaling by IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) improves beta-cell secretory function in patients with type 2 diabetes. In the present study, we provide further(More)
Type 2 diabetes manifests when the β-cell fails to secrete sufficient amounts of insulin to maintain normoglycemia and undergoes apoptosis. The disease progression results from an interplay of environmental factors and genetic predisposition. Polymorphisms in T-cell factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) strongly correlate with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). While(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Inflammation contributes to pancreatic beta cell dysfunction in type 2 diabetes. Toll-like receptor (TLR)-2 and -4 ligands are increased systemically in recently diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients, and TLR2- and TLR4-deficient mice are protected from the metabolic consequences of a high-fat diet. Here we investigated the role of macrophages(More)
We previously demonstrated that the transcription factor Pax4 is important for beta-cell replication and survival in rat islets. Herein, we investigate Pax4 expression in islets of non-diabetic and diabetic donors, its regulation by mitogens, glucose and the incretin GLP-1 and evaluate its effect on human islet proliferation. Pax4 expression was increased(More)