Kathrin Kalies

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Autoantibody-mediated diseases are clinically heterogeneous and often fail conventional therapeutic strategies. Gene expression profiling has helped to identify new molecular pathways in these diseases, although their potential as treatment targets largely remains to be functionally validated. Based on weighted gene co-expression network analysis, we(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Dysregulated energy homeostasis in the intestinal mucosa frequently is observed in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). Intestinal tissues from these patients have reduced activity of the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) complex, so mitochondrial dysfunction could contribute to the pathogenesis of UC. However, little is(More)
L-Selectin (CD62L) mediates T-cell entry into lymph nodes. Whether the microenvironment modulates L-selectin expression of T cells during diapedesis and transit is unknown. Therefore, L-selectin expression was determined quantitatively on circulating T cells in blood, lymph nodes and thoracic duct by confocal laser scanning microscopy. We show that in(More)
Contact between T cells and dendritic cells (DCs) is required for their subsequent interaction leading to the induction of adaptive immune responses. Quantitative data regarding the contact frequencies of T cell subsets in different lymphoid organs and species are lacking. Therefore, naive, effector, and memory CD4 T cells were injected into rats in absence(More)
Cytokines are key regulators of physiological inflammatory responses, while aberrant cytokine expression contributes to pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. We noted increased IL-6 levels in human and murine epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA), a prototypic organ-specific autoimmune bullous dermatoses (AIBD) induced by autoantibodies to type VII collagen(More)
OBJECTIVE Autoantibody immune complexes and cellular infiltrates drive nephritis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and in murine lupus. The chemokine receptor CXCR3 is assumed to promote cellular infiltration of inflamed tissues. Moreover, CXCR3 deficiency ameliorates lupus nephritis in the MRL/MpJ-Fas(lpr) (MRL/lpr) mouse model of SLE.(More)
T cells are involved in the pathogenesis of many diseases. To exert a pathological effect, T cells enter the tissues. We show that the determination of their entry site requires isolation of the respective T cell population, injection into genetically un-manipulated animals, and identification of the cells in vivo at various time points after injection. We(More)
Although reports documented aberrant cytokine expression in autoimmune bullous dermatoses (AIBDs), cytokine-targeting therapies have not been established in these disorders. We showed previously that IL-6 treatment protected against tissue destruction in experimental epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA), an AIBD caused by autoantibodies to type VII(More)
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is a chronic autoimmune blistering skin disease characterized by autoantibodies against type VII collagen (COL7). Immunization of SJL/J mice with recombinant murine COL7 results in break of tolerance and skin blisters. Strikingly, despite circulating autoantibodies, the same genetic background and identical(More)
The differentiation of CD4(+) T cells is regulated by cytokines locally within the compartments of secondary lymphoid organs during adaptive immune responses. Quantitative data about the expression of cytokine mRNAs within the T and B cell zones of lymphoid organs are lacking. In this study, we assessed the expression of multiple cytokine genes within the(More)