Kathrin Heermeier

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Mammary gland involution is a physiological process that follows lactation and results in the rapid disappearance of the entire lobulo-alveolar compartment. Coincident with the onset of involution, milk protein gene expression ceases and alveolar cells undergo programmed cell death. In mammary epithelial tissue culture cells in vitro, both p53-dependent and(More)
Mammary gland involution is a physiological process in which the entire organ is remodeled through the process of apoptosis. Apoptosis of secretory alveolar cells is initiated at the time of weaning, followed by the collapse and disappearance of the entire lobuloalveolar compartment. While apoptotic figures were rare in mammary epithelium of lactating mice,(More)
The disruption of cell cycle regulation is associated with developmental abnormalities and tumorigenesis. The SV40 large T antigen (Tag) interferes with cell cycle control by interacting with the pRb family and p53. Mice carrying a transgene composed of the whey acidic protein (WAP) gene promoter and the Tag coding sequence express Tag during pregnancy and(More)
Xiphoids of newborn mice consist of young chondrogenic cells of primary cartilage. During in vitro cultivation, xiphoids showed, morphologically, characteristics of adipose differentiation. This process progressed with time and by day 21 of the culture most of the cells in the xiphoids represented morphological mature adipocytes. During this period, the(More)
The postgenomic era is characterized by an almost intimidating amount of information regarding the sequences and expression of previously unknown genes. In response, researchers have developed an increasing interest in functional studies. At the start of such a study, one may have little more than sequence information and bioinformatic annotation. The next(More)
Human osteoblastic cells were grown in a three-dimensional (3-D) cell culture model and used to test the effects of a 20 Hz sinusoidal electromagnetic field (EMF; 6 mT and 113 mV/cm max) on collagen type I mRNA expression and extracellular matrix formation in comparison with the effects of growth factors. The cells were isolated from trabecular bone of a(More)
The mouse T1 glycoprotein is a secreted molecule of the immunoglobulin superfamily with significant homology to interleukin 1 receptors. It is expressed during bone development, and the extracellular diffusible gene product is found associated with newly formed bone but not cartilage matrix. During osteogenic differentiation of mandibular condyles of(More)
Oligonucleotide primer pairs specific for interleukins (IL)-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-2, IL-3, IL-4, IL-5, and IL-6, as well as for granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) mRNA/cDNA were synthesized in order to detect cytokine transcripts by(More)
The shortage of functional information compared to the abundance of sequence information characterizes today’s situation in functional genomics. For many years the knock-down of a gene’s product has been the most powerful way of analysing its function. In addition to the complete knock-out by homologous recombination, several different techniques have been(More)
Cartilage tissue from embryonic mice which undergoes osteogenic differentiation during in vitro cultivation was used to study the effect of osteosarcomagenic doses of alpha-irradiation and bone-tumor-inducing retroviruses on proliferation and phenotypic differentiation of skeletal cells in a defined tissue culture model. Irradiated mandibular condyles(More)