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This study tested the hypotheses that aging is associated with prolonged recovery after a challenge to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (acute exercise) and that aerobic fitness is associated with a blunting of the age-related loss of negative feedback sensitivity. Young (27 +/- 2.8 yr, n = 9), older (64.6 +/- 1.4 yr, n = 11), and older-fit women(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) was used to investigate regions of the brain that are selectively affected during different phases of the normal menstrual cycle. A total of 10 healthy 18-29 year old female volunteers had PET measurements of brain glucose metabolism between days 5 and 9 of the follicular phase when plasma concentrations of oestradiol and(More)
Experiments using the dwarf Siberian hamster Phodopus sungorus were carried out to determine possible neuroendocrine consequences of one-time and repeated exposures to 60 Hz magnetic fields (MF). Animals were maintained in either a short-light (SL, 8 h light:16 h dark) or long-light (LL, 16 h light:8 h dark) photoperiod. Acute (one-time, 15 min) exposure of(More)
This study tested the hypotheses that aging is associated with greater hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis reactivity to psychological stress, and whether aerobic fitness is associated with a lower HPA axis response to psychological stress. Three groups, consisting of young-unfit women (27.9+/-2.5 yr, n=10), older-unfit women (66.3+/-1.4 yr, n=14),(More)
Siberian dwarf hamsters form monogamous male-female pair bonds. Disruption of the pair bond results in increases in body mass and behavioral alterations similar to profiles seen in human atypical depression. We examined behavioral and neuroendocrine correlates associated with separation of the male from his mate. Animals were paired (n = 28 pairs) for 3(More)
The relationships among interpersonal stressors, depression, coping inefficiency, hormones (prolactin, cortisol, and estradiol), and disease activity were examined. The sample comprised 33 women with rheumatoid arthritis (RAs; age 37-78) and 37 women with osteoarthritis (OAs; age 47-91), who served as controls. In a regression analysis, interpersonal(More)
Social condition is an important factor in determining the behavioral and hormonal responses to a social stressor in the Siberian dwarf hamster (Phodopus sungorus). We predict that males housed with a female or a family (female and pups) will show an increase in the magnitude of the behavioral and hormonal responses to a male intruder compared to those of(More)
The sympathetic nervous system and adrenal catecholaminergic tissue act to prepare an animal for "fight or flight" by release of catecholamines into synapses and plasma. However, few studies have measured plasma catecholamines in nonmammalian vertebrates and none have measured them in free-living animals. We report plasma levels of norepinephrine (NE),(More)
Although female aggression is found in many species and in a variety of contexts, little is known about its physiological bases. To compare neuroendocrine responses to aggression in females and males, we staged aggressive interactions between free-living territorial mountain spiny lizards and same-sex intruders and measured brain monoamines, plasma steroid(More)
Although estradiol (E2) mediates many behaviors in females, relatively little is known about its role in female aggression. Previous studies in female mountain spiny lizards indicated that female aggression is modulated by ovariectomy and sex steroid hormone replacement and that expression of aggressive behavior is accompanied by changes in serotonin(More)