Kathleen Richardson

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Single-channel waveguides and Y couplers were fabricated in chalcogenide thin films by use of femtosecond laser pulses from a 25-MHz repetition rate Ti:sapphire laser. Refractive-index differentials (delta n > 10(-2)) were measured through interferometric microscopy and are higher than the typical values reported for oxide glasses. The dependence of the(More)
Ternary chalcogenide glass films from identical parent bulk glasses were prepared by thermal evaporation (TE) and pulsed laser deposition (PLD) and subjected to 810-nm femtosecond laser exposure at both kHz and MHz repetition rates. The exposure-induced modification on the glass film's surface profile, refractive index, and structural properties were shown(More)
We have fabricated and tested, to the best of our knowledge, the first microfluidic device monolithically integrated with planar chalcogenide glass waveguides on a silicon substrate. High-quality Ge(23)Sb(7)S(70) glass films have been deposited onto oxide coated silicon wafers using thermal evaporation, and high-index-contrast channel waveguides have been(More)
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the claim that online communication technologies are detrimental to off-line communication practices. Design/methodology/approach – This paper is based on material from focus groups with students from the University of Cambridge and Anglia Ruskin University (ARU), and in-depth interviews from a mixture of(More)
Solution-processing of chalcogenide glass materials has many benefits for the fabrication of photonic devices. We report on the structural properties of Ge23Sb7S70 glass during solution-processing. The molecular and micro-structure of the bulk glass and the n-propylamine solution, as well as the spincoated thin films and post-irradiated films are analyzed(More)
Arnaud Zoubir,1 Clara Rivero,2 Rachel Grodsky,2 Kathleen Richardson,3 Martin Richardson,2 Thierry Cardinal,4 and Michel Couzi5 1HORIBA Jobin Yvon SAS, Raman Division, 231 rue de Lille, 59650 Villeneuve d’Ascq, France 2College of Optics and Photonics/CREOL, UCF, 4000 Central Florida Boulevard, Orlando, Florida 32816, USA 3School of Material Science and(More)
Photosensitive silicate glasses doped with silver, cerium, fluorine, and bromine were fabricated at the Center for Research and Education in Optics and Lasers. Bragg diffractive gratings were recorded in the volume of these glasses with a photothermorefractive process (exposure to UV radiation of a He-Cd laser at 325 nm is followed by thermal development at(More)
We demonstrate, for the first time to the best of our knowledge, low-loss, Si-CMOS-compatible fabrication of single-mode chalcogenide strip waveguides. As a novel route of chalcogenide glass film patterning, lift-off allows several benefits: leverage with Si-CMOS process compatibility; ability to fabricate single-mode waveguides with core sizes down to(More)
High-index-contrast compact microdisk resonators in thermally evaporated As2S3 and Ge17Sb12S71 chalcogenide glass films are designed and fabricated using standard UV lithography and characterized. Our pulley coupler configuration demonstrates coupling of the resonators to monolithically integrated photonic wire waveguides without resorting to demanding(More)
A thermal reflow technique is applied to high-index-contrast, sub-micron waveguides in As(2)S(3) chalcogenide glass to reduce the sidewall roughness and associated optical scattering loss. We show that the reflow process effectively decreases sidewall roughness of chalcogenide glass waveguides. A kinetic model is presented to quantitatively explain the(More)