Kathleen Rhoads

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Young adult rats were exposed via inhalation or intratracheal instillation to oxides of arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, cobalt, lead, selenium, vanadium, and ytterbium. Serial necropsies were performed to assess the metal content in organs at times up to several weeks after exposure. The lung clearance varied widely for these compounds, and the times to remove(More)
The effects of Ritzville sandy loam soil and Mount St. Helens volcanic ash particles on the lung and mediastinal lymph nodes of Fischer rats were studied about 400 days after intratracheal instillation. A total of 22 or 77 mg of soil or ash was given in two or seven equally divided, consecutive, weekly intervals as a suspension in 0.5 ml saline.(More)
Wistar rats were exposed via inhalation to aerosols of 239PuO2, 244Cm oxide or a mixed Pu-Cm oxide with an activity ratio of about 1:1. Activity in lung and several extrapulmonary tissues were examined up to 120 d after exposure to determine whether calcining Pu and Cm together affected lung clearance or translocation to other sites in the body for either(More)
The distribution of inhaled 239PuO2 in rat and hamster lung was investigated up to one year postexposure in order to determine whether differences in pulmonary dose distribution could account for the apparent difference between the two species in lung tumor response. In previous life-span studies, rats developed up to 70% lung tumors at cumulative doses(More)
Computer software packages approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA), including CAP88-PC, are used by U.S. Department of Energy (U.S. DOE) sites to demonstrate compliance with the radionuclide air emission standard under the Clean Air Act. CAP88-PC version 3, was approved by the U.S. EPA in February 2006 for use by U.S. DOE facilities.(More)
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