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BACKGROUND Contrast MRI enhancement patterns in several pathophysiologies resulting from ischemic myocardial injury are controversial or have not been investigated. We compared contrast enhancement in acute infarction (AI), after severe but reversible ischemic injury (RII), and in chronic infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS In dogs, a large coronary artery(More)
BACKGROUND Contractile dysfunction develops in the chronically instrumented canine myocardium after bouts of low-flow ischemia and persists after reperfusion. The objective of this study is to identify whether changes in the phosphorylation state of myosin-binding protein C (MyBP-C) are a potential cause of dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS During low-flow(More)
BACKGROUND Although magnetic resonance first-pass imaging (MRFP) has potential advantages in pharmacological stress perfusion imaging, direct comparisons of current MRFP and established radionuclide techniques are not available. METHODS AND RESULTS Graded regional differences in coronary flow were produced during global coronary vasodilation in(More)
BACKGROUND The decision to perform coronary revascularization procedures may hinge on assessment of myocardial perfusion reserve. Blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) MRI is a potential method to detect the effects of regional variations in myocardial blood flow during vasodilation. METHODS AND RESULTS We imaged dogs (n=13) on a 1.5-T whole-body MRI(More)
The feasibility of detecting regional differences in myocardial blood flow based on the blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) effect was evaluated in vivo in dogs (N = 9) using a 3D T2-prepared segmented gradient-echo sequence at 1.5 T. Regional differences in myocardial blood flow were created by administering adenosine through a catheter placed in the left(More)
Canine myocardium was exposed to bouts of low-flow ischemia to identify the interactions that develop between the microtubule-based cytoskeleton and the heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) family of heat shock proteins in viable cardiomyocytes. "Moderate" or "severe" low-flow ischemia was produced in chronically instrumented dogs by reducing circumflex coronary(More)
This work compares intravenous (IV) versus fluoroscopy-guided transarterial intra-catheter (IC) delivery of iron oxide core-titanium dioxide shell nanoparticles (NPs) in vivo in VX2 model of liver cancer in rabbits. NPs coated with glucose and decorated with a peptide sequence from cortactin were administered to animals with developed VX2 liver cancer. Two(More)
PURPOSE Myocardial perfusion can be quantified using the "dual bolus" technique, which uses two separate contrast boluses to avoid signal nonlinearity in the blood pool. This technique relies on knowing the precise ratio of contrast concentrations between the two boluses. In this study, we investigated the variability found in these ratios, as well as the(More)
Creation of a VX2 tumor model has traditionally required a laparotomy and surgical implantation of tumor fragments. Open surgical procedures are invasive and require long procedure times and recovery that can result in post-operative morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study is to report the results of a percutaneous ultrasound guided method for(More)