Kathleen P Howard

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The M2 protein from influenza A virus is a 97-amino-acid protein with a single transmembrane helix that forms proton-selective channels essential to virus function. The hydrophobic transmembrane domain of the M2 protein (M2TM) contains a sequence motif that mediates the formation of functional tetramers in membrane environments. A variety of structural(More)
BACKGROUND Although the value of evidence-based practice may seem obvious, the process needed to produce more effective delivery of evidence-based healthcare is not obvious. Furthermore, the continuing escalation of healthcare costs fuels the desire of providers and consumers to undertake only those treatments that have benefit. One way to effect necessary(More)
In this paper, we report our initial results on studying magnetically aligned phospholipid bilayers (bicelles) at high magnetic fields (approximately 3.4 T) with electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy at 95 GHz (W-band). In order to characterize this system for W-band EPR studies, we have utilized the nitroxide spin probe(More)
An outbreak investigation identified 15 pertussis cases among 5 infants and 10 healthcare professionals at 1 hospital's neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The cost of the outbreak to this hospital was $97 745. Heightened awareness of pertussis in NICUs is key to preventing healthcare-associated spread and minimizing outbreak-control-related costs.(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the scope of practice and complementary role of physician assistants as physician extenders in the pediatric intensive care unit. DESIGN Descriptive report of a 5-yr experience using a physician assistant-resident staffing model in comparison to the traditional resident-only coverage. SETTING Six-bed pediatric intensive care unit(More)
The M2 protein from influenza A is a pH-activated proton channel that plays an essential role in the viral life cycle and serves as a drug target. Using spin labeling EPR spectroscopy, we studied a 38-residue M2 peptide spanning the transmembrane region and its C-terminal extension. We obtained residue-specific environmental parameters under both high- and(More)
Although previous studies are beginning to point to the specific types of helix-helix interactions that stabilize the folds of membrane-bound helical proteins, quantitative thermodynamic data on natural membrane proteins has been very limited. Here the database is expanded substantially by adding thermodynamic data for a series of sequence variants of M2(More)
Doxorubicin (DOX) is a potent anthracycline cancer drug whose interaction with anionic membrane phospholipids, such as cardiolipin (CL), is thought to contribute to its cytotoxicity as well as induce cardiotoxic side effects. We have studied the interaction of DOX with a CL containing model membrane system using high resolution, oriented sample (31)P and(More)