Kathleen Nugent Conroy

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OBJECTIVE To describe human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine uptake, predictors of vaccination, and barriers to vaccination in young women. METHODS Participants were 13-26-year-old girls and women recruited from an urban, hospital-based clinic. Between June and December 2007, 6 months after they had completed a baseline survey, they were recontacted to assess(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the relationship between development of antiretroviral drug resistance and adherence by measured treatment duration, virologic suppression, and the rate of accumulating new drug resistance mutations at different levels of adherence. METHODS Adherence was measured with unannounced pill counts performed at the participant's usual place(More)
Socioeconomic status and health status are directly related across the world. Children with low-socioeconomic status not only experience greater health problems in childhood but also aspects of their socioeconomic status become biologically incorporated through both critical periods of development and cumulative effects, leading to poor health outcomes as(More)
BACKGROUND The Urban Environment and Childhood Asthma study was established to investigate the immunologic and environmental causes of asthma in inner-city children. OBJECTIVE We sought to evaluate potential atopic outcomes in the first 12 months and their relationships to environmental exposures and immune development. METHODS A birth cohort of 560(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma severity is reflected in many aspects of the disease, including impairment and future risks, particularly for exacerbations. According to the Expert Panel Report 3: Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma, however, to assess more comprehensively the severity of asthma the level of current treatment needed to maintain a level(More)
1821 pitals. BMC has also made it clear that it will fight hard for its own economic well-being as the state ponders global budgets and further Medicaid cuts. Some observers may see the BMC litigation as proof that the Massachusetts reform model has failed. But interpreting it in this way would be a grave mistake. Medicaid litigation occurred before reform(More)
Approximately 20% of all children in the United States live in poverty, which exists in rural, urban, and suburban areas. Thus, all child health clinicians need to be familiar with the effects of poverty on health and to understand associated, preventable, and modifiable social factors that impact health. Social determinants of health are identifiable root(More)
Child poverty in the United States is widespread and has serious negative effects on the health and well-being of children throughout their life course. Child health providers are considering ways to redesign their practices in order to mitigate the negative effects of poverty on children and support the efforts of families to lift themselves out of(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Rapid repeat pregnancy accounts for 18% of teen pregnancies and leads to adverse health, economic, and developmental outcomes for teen mothers and their children. Few interventions have been successful in reducing rapid repeat pregnancy. In this qualitative study we examined adolescent mothers' perceptions of their decision-making and(More)