Kathleen N. S. Cathcart

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A tumor-specific, bcr-abl-derived fusion peptide vaccine can be safely administered to patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and can elicit a bcr-abl peptide-specific T-cell immune response. In the present phase 2 trial, 14 patients with CML in chronic phase were vaccinated with 6 fusion peptides mixed with Quillaja saponaria (QS-21). No(More)
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) presents a unique opportunity to develop therapeutic strategies using vaccination against a truly tumor-specific antigen that is also the oncogenic protein required for neoplasia. CML is characterized by the t(9;22) that results in the bcr-abl fusion oncogene and in the expression of a chimeric protein product p210.(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary aspergillosis and other invasive fungal infections (IFIs) commonly complicate the management of patients with acute leukemia. Standard amphotericin-based therapies may be ineffective for many patients and the available salvage agents (itraconazole and caspofungin) are reported to possess only moderate activity against resistant(More)
Dose-response studies were performed with the alkylating agents [nitrogen mustard, N,N'-bis(2-chloroethyl)-N-nitrosourea, melphalan, cisplatin (CDDP), 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4-HC), and trimethyleneiminethiophosphoramide] in both the MCF-7 human breast carcinoma cell line and the EMT6 and FSaIIC murine tumor lines. Increasing selection pressure with(More)
DNA-DNA crosslinks are the lethal cellular mechanism of bifunctional alkylating agent cytotoxicity. Novobiocin, an inhibitor of DNA topoisomerase II, impairs eukaryotic DNA repair of alkylating agent adducts and may increase the number of adducts and their resultant cytotoxicity in malignant cells. The effect of novobiocin on clonogenic survival and DNA(More)
The radiosensitizing potential in hypoxic EMT6 cells of several complexes of Co(III) and Fe(III) has been examined. The cytotoxicity of each of the agents toward oxygenated and hypoxic EMT6 cells was tested over the concentration range of 1 to 500 micron for 1-h drug exposure. There was no statistically significant difference between the cytotoxicity of(More)
The effect of concomitant hyperthermia on the cytotoxicities of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (CDDP), a newly synthesized drug, Pt(Rh-123)2, and its chemical components, K2PtCl4 and rhodamine 123, was examined in vitro in a squamous cell tumor line of human origin (SCC-25) and in a CDDP-resistant subline (SCC-25/CP). No difference in the cytotoxicity of(More)
Our previous in vitro studies demonstrated marked synergy with alkylating agents when novobiocin was present during and after alkylating agent exposure. To determine whether this effect is observed in vivo, novobiocin was administered daily for 3 days prior to alkylating agent treatment, during alkylating agent treatment, and for 2 days after completion of(More)
The addition of Fluosol-DA followed by carbogen breathing increased the antitumor effect of cyclophosphamide as measured by both tumor growth delay and tumor cell survival assays. Under air breathing conditions, cyclophosphamide (100 mg/kg) administered i.p. five times on alternate days produced a tumor growth delay in the FSaIIC fibrosarcoma of 8.0±0.8(More)
Normal Swiss Webster mice were treated with monocrotaline or high doses of three antitumor alkylating agents (BCNU, cyclophosphamide, or mitomycin C), all of which have been connected with hepatic veno-occlusive disease at our clinic. Prior administration of WR-2721 did not improve the survival of monocrotaline-treated animals. Glutathione (GSH) improved(More)