Kathleen N. Lohr

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OBJECTIVE We systematically review evidence on the prevalence and incidence of perinatal depression and compare these rates with those of depression in women at non-childbearing times. DATA SOURCES We searched MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Sociofile for English-language articles published from 1980 through March 2004, conducted hand searches of(More)
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF/Task Force) represents one of several efforts to take a more evidence-based approach to the development of clinical practice guidelines. As methods have matured for assembling and reviewing evidence and for translating evidence into guidelines, so too have the methods of the USPSTF. This paper summarizes the(More)
Health care decisions are increasingly being made on research-based evidence rather than on expert opinion or clinical experience alone. Systematic reviews represent a rigorous method of compiling scientific evidence to answer questions regarding health care issues of treatment, diagnosis, or preventive services. Traditional opinion-based narrative reviews(More)
OBJECTIVES To update a 2004 systematic review of health care service use and health outcomes related to differences in health literacy level and interventions designed to improve these outcomes for individuals with low health literacy. Disparities in health outcomes and effectiveness of interventions among different sociodemographic groups were also(More)
ion of relevant information from eligible articles and the creation of summary evidence tables presenting the key details and findings for the articles. The EPC paired trained abstractors with a senior reviewer, who used an analyticors with a senior reviewer, who used an analytic framework to guide development of abstraction tables. The EPC researchers used(More)
The Medical Outcomes Trust is a depository and distributor of high-quality, standardized, health outcomes measurement instruments to national and international health communities. Every instrument in the Trust library is reviewed by the Scientific Advisory Committee against a rigorous set of eight attributes. These attributes consist of the following: (1)(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the relationship between literacy and health outcomes. DATA SOURCES We searched MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL), Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), Public Affairs Information Service (PAIS), Industrial and Labor Relations Review (ILLR), PsychInfo, and Ageline from 1980 to 2003. STUDY(More)
OBJECTIVE The RTI International-University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Evidence-based Practice Center systematically reviewed evidence on efficacy of treatment for bulimia nervosa (BN), harms associated with treatments, factors associated with treatment efficacy, and differential outcome by sociodemographic characteristics. METHOD We searched six(More)
This paper has outlined a strategy proposed by an IOM study committee for a quality review and assurance program for Medicare. The committee intended that such a program respond to several major issues, including: the burdens of harm of poor quality of care (poor performance of clinicians in both technical and interpersonal ways, unnecessary and(More)