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Activating mutations of FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) are present in approximately 30% of patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and are associated with lower cure rates from standard chemotherapy-based treatment. Targeting the mutation by inhibiting the tyrosine kinase activity of FLT3 is cytotoxic to cell lines and primary AML cells(More)
Based on experience, published data, and published series, the authors recommend the use of vertebroplasty for painful destructive vertebral lesions. In the authors' opinion, the greatest difficulty lies in denying the treatment to patients with advanced metastatic disease, where other surgical or medical treatments may have greater morbidity and mortality.(More)
Deletions of portions of chromosomes 1p and 19q are closely associated with the oligodendroglioma histologic phenotype. In most cases, 1p and 19q are codeleted, yet the mechanism of dual loss is unexplained. We report 5 cases (World Health Organization grade III) in which metaphase cytogenetics identified a derivative chromosome consisting of what appears(More)
Chromosomal instability (CIN) underlies malignant properties of many solid cancers and their ability to escape therapy, and it might itself cause cancer [1, 2]. CIN is sustained by deficiencies in proteins, such as the tumor suppressor p53 [3-5], that police genome integrity, but the primary cause of CIN in sporadic cancers remains uncertain [6, 7]. The(More)
It is estimated that familial aggregation and genetic susceptibility play a role in as many as 10% of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas. To investigate the role of germ-line mutations in the etiology of pancreatic cancer, we have analyzed samples from patients with pancreatic cancer enrolled in the NFPTR for mutations in four tumor suppressor candidate(More)
The activin signaling pathway parallels the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta pathway. Both use extracellular ligands and cell surface receptors that are structurally and functionally related, as well as the same intracellular mediators (SMADs 2-4) to transmit these signals. Members of both pathways have been characterized previously as tumor suppressor(More)
PURPOSE We sought to evaluate the feasibility of detecting PIK3CA mutations in circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) from plasma of patients with metastatic breast cancer using a novel technique called BEAMing. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN In a retrospective analysis, 49 tumor and temporally matched plasma samples from patients with breast cancer were screened for PIK3CA(More)
PURPOSE Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) can be responsive to T-cell-mediated immunity. K562/granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a GM-CSF producing vaccine derived from a CML cell line that expresses several CML-associated antigens. A pilot study was developed to determine if K562/GM-CSF immunotherapy could improve clinical responses(More)
Thymidylate synthase (TS) is an important target for 5-fluorouracil (5FU)-based therapy. The TS polymorphic 5'-untranslated region tandem repeat sequence is under investigation to guide 5FU treatment, yet current protocols omit consideration of copy number changes at the TS locus. We surveyed the TS tandem repeat sequence and found copy number changes in(More)
BACKGROUND Recent data in esophageal cancer suggests the variant allele of a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in XRCC1 may be associated with resistance to radiochemotherapy. However, this SNP has not been assessed in a histologically homogeneous clinical trial cohort that has been treated with a uniform approach. In addition, whether germline DNA may(More)